Nesrin Nesrin

Was/Were Lesson
Elementary level


In this lesson, Ss learn how to use and pronounce past simple was/were and their negative and question forms.


No materials added to this plan yet.

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification and practice of simple past tense: was & were.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide fluency in pronunciation of was/were forms.


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

• Show Ss the pictures on pg. 54. • We listened to two people talking about their holiday in Canada. Would you like to visit these places?

Exposure (5-6 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

• Show Ss the picture on pg. 54. Which of these cities would you like to visit? Why/Why not? Pairwork.

Highlighting & Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

• Put the diagram and draw an arrow on the board. • Let Ss observe the the board and give an example sentence in both present tense and simple past tense. Show how am/is/are transfer to was/were. • Drill was, wasn't & were, weren't.

Semi-Controlled Practice (6-7 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

• Hand Ss Ex.1 and to read the sentences and write the answers as shown in the example. • Let Ss peercheck. • Hand the key out.

Accelerated Exercise (5-6 minutes) • To practice faster thinking for memorizing the grammatical form of was&were.

• Say some sentences out loud and prompt Ss to transform these sentences into past simple forms, reminding them to use the diagrom on the board if needed.

Group Exercise (10-15 minutes) • To provide further practice of was&were forms in a hurry.

• Remove the diagram on the board. • Mix Ss and divide them into two groups. • Hand Ss the related HOs and tell them the first group to hand all the answers correct, wins. • Reput the diagram if Ss struggle a lot. • Hand the answer key after a group finishes, and if they have further questions, answer them.

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