To provide clarification and practise the past perfect.
Writing: To write sentences using the past perfect in the context of talking about ss' activities during the weekend or summer holidays
Procedure (32-45 minutes)
Show ss some sentences on the board. show them some pictures of events . CCQs; Which event happened first? What are the tenses in these sentences?
give ss a short text. HO1 underline the verbs in the text. Which event happened first? What are the tenses used in the text? give them task 1.HO2 ss have to put the verbs in the right tense. SS have to check and compare their answers with their friends. Give them answers and then feedback.
Meaning: Are we talking about the present? No after eliciting the answers from the ss tell them that the bsic meaning past perfect is an "earlier past". it is used for an action that had already finished when another action happened write on the board this sentence: They had sold everything before they moved to Glasgow. ask ss which event happened first? CCQs Are we talking about the present, past or future? what are the two tenses in this sentence? Meaning: after eliciting some answers from ss clarify the meaning of the past perfect. Tell ss that the past perfect is used in the same way as the present perfect, but it refers to a time in the past, not the present. show ss the difference between the past perfect and the present perfect. Form: Had+ past participle. How can we make the past participle? Elicit answers from ss . Ask them about the past participle of regular and irregular verbs. Pronunciation: They had sold everything before they moved to Glasgow Show ss the intonation and sentence stress. Appropriacy: I'd is I had here not I would. Register: informal (i'd) and formal (i had)
put the verbs in the right tense past perfect or past simple). explain to ss how to do the task. remind them that the first event in the past must be put in the past perfect and the second event in the past has to be put in the past simple.
Tell ss to write short paragraphs or sentences using the past perfect to talk about their weekends or summer holidays. Provide them with an example. While ss are writing monitor them and write down some msitakes or nice expressions or ideas. Pay attention to their use of the past perfect.