Stephen Ianno Stephen Ianno

Have you thought about...?
Intermediate level


Students explore the use and function of the -ing verb form ending in the context of technical problems and trouble at work.


Abc HO1
Abc HO2
Abc Projection

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification and practice of -ing verb endings in the context of technical difficulties

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide fluency and accuracy speaking practice in a -ing verb endings in the context of technical difficulties


Warmer/Lead-in (2-4 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Ask students about the topic they were just studying Elicit responses about the problems Vishal faced with his router Tell students to recall this context as they do the task

Exposure (10-12 minutes) • To provide a model of production expected in coming tasks through matching sentences

Instruct students to match the given sentences in context of Vishal's technical difficulty. Have students work in pairs to complete the task. Give students an answer key for feedback. Have students work in pairs to determine which statements are complaints and which are giving advice. Use concept questions to help students understand the task.

Useful Language (7-9 minutes) • To highlight and clarify useful language for coming productive tasks

Write one of the example sentences on the board. Underline the part of the verb that the class will examine. Drill the sentence focusing on the underlined part. Write the form of the underlined section under the sentence. Repeat with another sentence.

Productive Task(s) (18-20 minutes) • To provide an opportunity to practice target productive skills

Instruct students that they will do a gap-fill worksheet. Hand out the worksheet and indicate the form of the expressions in the box. Remind students the verbs must be used in the correct form. Have students work in pairs to complete the handout. Listen to the track and have students compare their answers with what they hear. Students respond in pairs, what would you do in Vishal's situation? Project the answer key on the board Partner students up and have them read through the dialogue together. Show students the dialogue with the blanks and have them read it, filling in the blanks with their speech. Create more blanks as students get more practice.

Feedback and Error Correction (5-7 minutes) • To provide feedback on students' production and use of language

Record the speech problems students have while doing the previous task, specifically pronunciation and grammar problems. Write these sentences on the board and give students feedback.

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