Gökberk Talu Gökberk Talu

Simple Past (Regular & Irregular Verbs)
Elementary level


In this lesson, the main is for stds to understand the difference between regular (verb+ed) and irregular verbs in their past tense. The lesson will start with a short review of the simple present in the context of what a person does everyday to what the person did the day before. There will be a WC practice session where the students will learn some regular and irregular verb in their past tense forms. The last section will be a roleplaying game in which the stds will create their own sentences in past tense using regular and irregular verbs.


Main Aims

  • To provide clarification of the past simple tense (regular and irregular verbs)

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide fluency speaking practice in the past simple tense (regular and irregular verbs) in a roleplaying environment


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

The teacher will introduce himself and write their name on the board. The T will then will ask the Stds to write their name on a piece of paper, bend the bottom and put it on their desk because its the Ts first class with the stds. He will then introduce a small review of simple present tense sentences.

Exposure (5-7 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

The teacher will draw two people of opposite gender. Labeling them as 'Gökberk' (T) and 'Tülün' (Ts mother) and read outloud with the sentences on the board telling them what he did today. Then the stds will tell the teacher what they do/did today.

Highlighting (2-4 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

Write the grammar of a simple present tense sentence. Then later turn the subject into the past tense by changing the slide to past tense and reading out loud the past tense of what the T did yesterday. The teacher will point out the difference between a regular verb and a irregular verb by mentioning the underlined, bold, red sentences.

Clarification - Regular & Irregular Verb List Practice (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target subject

After showing the grammar structure of a past tense sentence, the teacher will then show the students a list (mixed) with mostly irregular and some regular verbs and WC with the leading of the T, they will practice the pronounciation of the verbs and do a quick overview of some of the verbs. The list itself will be handed out to students after class.

Free Practice (10-15 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

The stds will be shown a empty roleplay in which they will create their own sentences. This practice will be done by stds creating their own sentences and asking other students what they did today.

Controlled Practice - Review (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

The teacher will check the students answers by asking them what they did. If the free practice time is insufficient, this section will not be made and the students will be given a homework sheet about irregular verbs that they will need to bring to the class next time.

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