Hisham Bdour Hisham Bdour

Dream Homes, modals of obligation, permission & prohibition (present time)
Intermediate, B 1 level


In this lesson, Students learn about the modals of obligation, permission & prohibition (present time) through guided discovery based on pictures and later on a reading text on Dream Homes.The lesson starts with a discussion about dream homes. Finally is some controlled practice through sentence formulation and free practice via a final writing and speaking activities.


Abc Grammar (Straightforward Intermediate , Student's book , Teacher's Book)

Main Aims

  • To provide practice of modals of obligation, permission & prohibition (present time) in the context of Dream Homes

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide review of the modals in general.


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Teacher is going to ask students about the title of Unit 3 A. Teacher will show students a library picture and ask them to work in groups and share their ideas about what they are allowed to do and what they are not allowed to do there.

Test #1 (6-10 minutes) • To gauge students' prior knowledge of the target language

Teacher is going to test the students through a worksheet on the grammar target (modals obligation, permission & prohibition to check their prior knowledge about the grammar target. Students try to do Ex.1 p. 27

Teach (15-20 minutes) • To clarify areas of the target language where students had difficulty in the first test stage

Teacher is going to teach the target language. I am going to elicit some sentences about the target language (Modals of obligation, permission & prohibition through showing the students some pictures to stimulate them to produce the necessary sentences. I am going to elicit some sentences and explain them. Then I am going to deduce the rules.

Test #2 (8-10 minutes) • Check students' use of the target language again and compare with the first test

I am going to give students a worksheet to check their understanding and give feedback if necessary.

Free practice (13-15 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

I am going to ask students to work in groups to write five sentences about the target language and share their ideas with their partners.

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