Forming nouns and geurnds
Upper Intermediate Level level
Forming nouns and gerunds
Correct pronunciation of the nouns.
Procedure (37-45 minutes)
Put Ss in pairs and give them time to complete ex. a pg. 20 emphasising not to look back at the article. Make sure they know the meaning of the abbreviations, e.g. n= noun, c=countable etc. Monitor and help if necessary. Tell Ss to look back and check their answers. Ask them if they were able to get all of them correct.
- Make sure Ss understand what suffixes and gerunds are by eliciting examples from language focus 1. - Put Ss in pairs and ask them to write each noun in the correct box. Monitoring and help if necessary. Check answers as a whole class. Analysis 1. - Read through the information and elicit further examples. E.g. increase, surprise, support. Analysis 2. - Use the examples given to show how a gerund acts like a noun. Point out that it is very common to use a gerund at the beginning of a sentence when talking in general. Put Ss into pairs to find the examples in the paragraph called Exercise on pg. 18. Monitor and help. Check answers as a class.
Check that Ss understand the concept of stressed and weak forms in spoken English. You could use the tape for the pronunciation, but I always find that boring. Instead you can write the nouns on a piece of paper, stick them on the board and mark the stress with the Ss. Briefly explain and check Ss understand schwa and give examples. e.g. /ə/ in father, just, America, ever, about etc.
Put Ss in pairs. Ask them to do ex. 1a on pg.20 Monitor and help if necessary. Hand out the answers and get Ss to check. In the same pairs draw their attention to verbs and ask which noun forms are different. If the Ss do not have dictionary with them, they could find this difficult. Give them a few minutes to do this, but not any longer. Elicit answers, if correct praise, if not give the right answer. Change pairs - Get Ss to do ex.2 on pg. 20 . Monitor and help. You can check the answers by listening from the CD or peer checking.
- Get Ss to look at the pictures on pg. 21 and say which makes them feel good and which makes them feel bad. - Put Ss in pairs and ask them to complete the noun/gerunds in the exercise. Hand out answers and answer any questions. Skip 3 b/c.
- Get Ss to do ex.2 and 3, pg. 12 and 13 from the workbook. Monitor and help if necessary. Hand out the answers for Ss to check.