Pronunciation of /θ/ and /ð/ and Grammar Practice of telling the time
Starter A1 level
to provide pronunciation of /θ/ and /ð/
Grammar Practice of telling the time
Procedure (45-59 minutes)
*Tell students that there are two different ways to pronounce fh. Focus students on the phonemes /θ/ and /ð/ ,the pictures and the words.
*Play the recording. Students listen to the sounds and the words. Point out that th in three is nronounced with a /θ/ sound and th in mother is pronounced with a /ð/ sound. * PIay the recording again. Students listen and practise. If students are having problems producing the sounds, help them with the mouth position for each sound
*Point out that difference between the /θ/ sound (three) and /ð/ sound (mother).Get them pronounce a few words used in the lesson.
*Point out that the mouth position is the same for both sounds, with the tongue just behind the top and bottom teeth. However, when we say the /θ/ , sound, there is no voice from the throat and you can feel the air from your mouth on your hand. When we say the /ð/ sound, there is voice from the throat. You can ask your students to place their fingers and thumb on their throats. When they say the /d/ sound, they will feel vibration in the throat. *Another useful tip is to ask them to place their index finger on their lips, as if they were making a shhh sound. When saying both th sounds, the tip of the tongue should touch the side of the finger.
* Focus students on the boxes. Play the recording. Students listen and notice how we say th in both sets of words. * Play the recording again. Students listen and practise
*play the recording. Students listen and read : -'..:.' the sentences. *Play the recording again. Students listen and practise. Repeat the drill if necessary *Get the students practise the sentences in pairs. *Finally, ask students to say the sentences for the class. If necessary, correct their pronunciation and ask them to say the sentences again. *Get the sudents do in pairs Telling the time exercise RW 4.2 and Talking about the time exercise RW 4.3 on page 22 WBook.
*Get the students play the game ''Time dominoes'': * Put students into pairs. Give one set of dominoes to each pair. Students share out the dominoes equally Students are not allowed to look at their partner's dominoes. If you have an extra student, have one group of three and ask them to share one set of dominoes equally between them. *One student puts a domino on the table. HiVHer partner puts another domino at either end of the first domino so that the time in words on one domino matches the digital clock on the other domino. Students must say the time aloud when they match the dominoes. Students then continue taking tums to put dominoes at either end of the domino chain. *If a student thinks that a pair of dominoes doesn't match, he/she can challenge his/her partner. If the match is incorrect, the student must take back his/her domino and the turn passes to his/her partner. Ifstudents cant agree, they should ask you to adjudicate. *If a student can't put down a domino, the turn passes to his/her partner. The game continues until one student has put down all hiVher dominoes, or until neither student can make a correct match. The student who finishes first, or who has fewer dominoes remaining, is the winner.