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Past simple:negative,questions and short answers .
Beginner level


In this lesson,Ss learn how to negate a positive sentence of past simple and how to form a question with short answers(yes/no)and wh-questions.The lesson starts by lead-in about things that didn't happen in some people's past followed by highlighting meaning,form and pronunciation of the TL.through the lesson there will be controlled,semi-controlled and freer practice activities.


Main Aims

  • By the end of this lesson,Ss should be able to use past simple in negative and form questions correctly.

Subsidiary Aims

  • Speaking:Ss will have a mingle activity to ask each other about things that didn't happen yesterday then report them to the class with focus on accuracy rather than fluency.


Warmer/Lead-in (3-3 minutes) • To set lesson context that will be past simple negative and questions with shortanswer and get Ss interested in the topic.

T shows photos of Nancy,Jeff and Bob&Liz with different pictures of Blue Mosque,hotel,beach, and China.T divides Ss into three groups(according to the n.of students) asking each group to guess the connection between people and places.Ss work in pairs.T asks Ss about their guessing.

Exposure (5-5 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

T then hands out a text to each group in order to find out whether their guessing was true or not. T elicits :Did Nancy stay in a hotel?-No,she didn't stay in a hotel. T:Did Jeff go swimming in Colombia last year?-No,he didn't go swimming last year. T:Did Bob and Liz go on holiday last year?-no they didn't go on holiday.T then writes the answers on the left part of the WB. T tells Ss that Nancy had an interview about her holiday last year and sticks her answers on the board then gives Ss the questions and asks them to match questions to answers on the WB.T then highlight one model sentence of each type and writes them on the right part of WB e.g.: Where did you go on holiday last year? Did you stay in a hotel?-no,I didn't. Did you visit the Blue Mosque?-yes,I did.

Clarification (7-7 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

T highlights:on the left part She didn't stay in a hotel.(regular v.) He didn't go swimming.(irregular v.) Subject(I,he,she,it,we,you,they) + didn't(did not) +Base form verb T elicits:can we use didn't with all subjects?-yes can we use it with all verbs?no-(except to be:wasn't-weren't). didn't :for speaking and writing and more common. watch out for:she didn't stayed-he not went swimming. (Jim Scrivener tip):p.146,Teaching English grammar. T drills the pronunciation T then highlights on the right part of the WB: The questions will be the sentence models: -where did you go on holiday last year? Meaning:CCQs Was she on holiday last year? yes Is she now on holiday? no Form :Q.w (wh-questions)+ did +subject ( all)+base form verb...? Did she stay in a hotel?-no , she didn't. Did she visit the Blue Mosque?-yes,she did. Meaning:Was she in a hotel? no Was she in the Blue Mosque? yes Form: Did + subject (all)+ base form verb..? yes/no +subject(all)+did/didn't T.then drill for the pronunciation.

Controlled Practice (7-8 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

T hands out ex.1 to get Ss to rewrite the sentences in the negative.Ss work individually then check in pairs then WC. Answers: 1.They didn't collect postcards. 2.You didn't jump high. 3.Albert didn't play squash. 4.The teacher didn't test our English. 5.Fiona didn't visit her grandma. 6.He didn't wash the car. 7.You weren't thirsty. 8.He didn't have a computer. 9.I didn't buy bread. 10.You didn't see the house.

Semi-Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

T hands out ex.2 to get Ss to make questions in simple past. Answers: 1.Did Anna open the window? 2.Did she walk home? 3.Did you work in the garden? 4.Did you sing a song? 5.Did she sit on a chair? 6.Did you visit the castle? 7.Did Jenny lock the door? 8.Was she happy? 9.Did Greg kick the ball? 10.Did the car stop at the corner? T might need to do ex.3 but only questions no. 1,3,5,7 because it is more challenging and to practice wh-questions. Answers: 1.Where did Jason go last weekend? 3.What car did she drive to the party last night? 5.Where did they buy a new house? 7.Where were you last Saturday?

Free Practice (8-12 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Ss, in pairs talk about some things that didn't happen yesterday then each one reports to the whole class what his/her partner said.the focus of this speaking activity will be more on accuracy than fluency. T then makes delayed error-correction on WB.Then thanks all Ss.

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