Behnaz Rakhshanfar Behnaz Rakhshanfar

functional language
new headway beginer level


In this lesson, learners learn about the direction . At first, T shows them a map on the HOP to demonstrate that 'this is a map of place'. Then, T asks them some questions such as what they can see on this map and then, elicits some words such as hotel, bank, chemist's, newsagent's, etc. T gives Ss HOs and asks them to stick the words in front of each picture. T sticks the signs of direction on the board and asks SS what the signs mean and elicits the direction words such as turn left, turn right, go straight on, etc. Then, T plays the CD and asks learners to follow the direction which they have to follow on the map. T gives the tapescript and gets Ss to practice a conversation in closed pairs .After that, T gives them controlled and semi-controlled practice to communicate with their friends.


Main Aims

  • To provide clarification of language used for asking and giving direction in the context of place, map of a town .

Subsidiary Aims

  • speaking and listening


lead-in/ warmer (3-5 minutes) • To set the lesson context and engage students

T shows a map of a place on HOP and asks Ss some questions such as 'what's this?', 'what can you see in this map?', and 'what's the name of the road?' and asks the learners to point to the map and show some places such as an internet cafe or a post office to familiarize the ss with the map and places. T asks Ss to stick the correct words next to each picture. T ,then, gives them WCF.

prsentation (5-10 minutes) • to present and elicit the TL

T sticks the picture of signs such as turn left, turn right, go straight on and elicits the meaning of these signs from SS by gesturing and asking CCQ questions like 'is it right or left?', ' Am I next to computer or behind the computer?'.

practice (5-10 minutes) • to practice a target language

T asks learners to listen and follow the directions on the map. T uses an audio CD or a native speaker colleague to play or read the listening. T pauses after each part to simplify the listening .T models one example for class. After that, SS do it alone. T nominates one S to come to the whiteboard and follow the direction for FB. After that, T gives Ss the tape script to get them practice the text in close pair. T asks one SS to read the text and another one follow direction and T monitors them and give them delayed correction if necessary. T presents the question of 'Excuse me. Is there a........near here?' and model the intonation.

production (15-20 minutes) • to produce the TL

T gives Ss a controlled practice in which they have to ask a question from their partners including 'is there a ........ near here?' and another S says, "yes, go..... and turn....." or " I'm sorry. I don't know". They do it in pair. After that, T gives ss WCF. Then, T gives Ss a semi-controlled practice and divides Ss into groups of four. They do it in pair. T gives Ss A map A and Ss B map B, and so on. T asks Ss not to show each other their map. In their groups, Ss approach each other and ask for direction to one of places on their list, e.g. 'Is there a newsagent's near here?'. The Ss give the direction If she/he knows where it is,starting: Go out of the railway station ,Turn left. If the S doesn't know he/she says I'm sorry I don't know. They do it in pair. After that, T gives them feedback.

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