Shelley Mayes Shelley Mayes

Grammar - question words - Home
Elementary level


In this lesson, students will learn about question words in the context of home (where you live). They will look at the meaning, form and pronunciation of who, what, where, when, which, why, how much and how many, and practice using the words in the productive skills section of the lesson through speaking activities.


Abc General ideas

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification and practice of question words, who, what, where, when, why, which and how in the context of home.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide fluency speaking practice in a conversation in the context of home


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Give students 10,000,000 Lira bank notes. Ss discuss in groups what they would buy with the money. After discussion, T draws a house on the board and says that he/she'd buy a new home. T can ask if anyone else said the same and ask some questions.

Exposure (10-12 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text

Ex1. Ss underline question words in text. Solo. 3 minutes. Compare answers in pairs. T elicits answers from ss and writes question words on the board. Elicit meaning from ss with each question word by providing two options. CCQs: use relevant sentences from text to CCQ if ss struggle (see 2nd CCQ for each question word) - Where: do we use 'where' to ask about people or a place? A place. "where do you live" is it talking about a place? Yes. - Who: do we use 'who' to ask about people or a time? People. "who do you live with" is it talking about time? No. People? Yes. - What: do we use 'what' to ask about time or an object? Object. "What type of home do you live in" is home an object or a time? Object - How many: do we use 'how many' to ask about a number or a price? Number "How many dogs do you have" Does he want to know the number of dogs or the price? Number. - Which: do we use 'which' to ask about options or price? Options. "which train station do you live near" is there more than one train station in Kadikoy? Yes. So are there options? Yes. - How much: do we use 'how much' to ask about price or an object? Price. "How much do you pay for rent?" Is it asking for the price? Yes. - Why: do we use 'why' to ask about a reason or place? Reason. "why will you move to Uskudar" is she asking for the reason he will move to Uskudar, or the place? The reason. - When: do we use 'when' to ask about a time or place? Time. "when will you move to Uskudar" is she asking for the place he will move to? No. The time he will move? Yes.

Clarification (4-6 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

T elicits first question from exercise one and writes it on the board. Where do you live? T writes form in a table format to show the formula for all the question sentences. Question words | do/will | subject | verb | preposition (sometimes) Where | do | you | live Who | do | you | live | with Pronunciation: Show linking between do and you /djuː/

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

Ex 2: PW - match question words with answers FB: ss check answers with other groups Ex 3: PW - ss think of questions to the given answers. Do the first together and elicit the answer. 1. I live with my husband CCQs: is husband a person? Yes. What question word do we use for a person? Who. What extra word do we use with 'who'? With. FB: check sentences of early finishers and allocate one sentence for them to write on the board.

Semi-Controlled Practice (4-6 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

T draws a picture of a house and writes (teacher's name)'s house. T writes some hints on the board: Besiktas my friends 700 lira 2 toilets If necessary, elicit the question words.

Free Practice (5-7 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Ss take turns asking each other questions about their home. Ss should ask one question for each question word. Try to group strong ss together and weaker ss together. When, where, what, why, who, which, how many, how much. Demo with one ss in the chair at the front and elicit questions. If time allows and there are an appropriate quantity of ss, have them in groups of 3 or 4. One student will answer questions about their home and the other ss in the group will ask the questions. Can also be done as one group for a small class, or PW if time is short.

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