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Present Perfect Simple Vs Continuous
Intermediate, B1 level


In this lesson, students will learn present perfect continuous and compare it with present perfect simple. The lesson will end with a speaking activity.


Abc Rule-matching handout
Abc Speaking handout
Abc Sentence completion handout

Main Aims

  • To provide review of present perfect simple and introduce present perfect continuous tense

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide fluency and accuracy while talking about the activities ss have done or have been doing for sometime.


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

The teacher starts the lesson by asking questions below; Do you love Istanbul? How long have you been living in Istanbul? Do you have a car? Do you like driving in Istanbul? How long have you been driving in Istanbul?

Guided discovery (4-6 minutes) • To elicit the rule of the present perfect tense

Teacher gives a handout on which are five the present perfect simple/continuous sentences in part A, and three rules in part B. First, the teacher asks the students to circle the examples of the present perfect simple and underline the examples of present perfect continuous tense, when they are finished, they check in pairs. Next, they try to match the sentences with the rules, when they have finished they check in pairs first then the teacher gives out the answer key

Clarification (6-8 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

Teacher writes one of the present perfect continuous sentences on the handout as a model sentence on the board to elicit the form of strong and week forms the form. S+ have been+ Ving S+ has been+ Ving S+'ve been+ Ving S +'s been+ Ving /ə/ /ı/ /ız/ /ı/ Teacher also what "'s" is in the sentence, and how students will understand that it is differnt from to be "is" Teacher models and students drill the structure as a whole class.

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

First, students complete sentences using present perfect simple or present perfect continuous. Second, they check in pairs and finally the teacher gives the answerkey.

Semi-Controlled and freer practice (9-11 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

In the Part A, the teacher gives some prompts and students have to make questions using them. Teacher gives three minutes for this activity. When they are finished, teacher has one student to read out one question, and gives whole class feedback. Next, the teacher gives students the instructions for the Part B of the handout. He models the first example, clarifies what a follow up activity is.

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