Past simple negative
Beginner level


Abc HOs, a piece of blank paper for writing, PPT, board markers, cards

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification and practice of the past tense negative in the context of travel

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide product writing practice of a lettter in the context of travel


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

The T will greet the class. Then he will ask them the topic of the reading passage that they have already studied in the previous lesson and what they remember about it. The T will help the sts find some answers asking them specific questions about the reading passage: How is Cairo? What did they do? How many days did they stay there? Did they like Cairo? etc.

Highlighting (5-7 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

The T will divide the class into 3 groups and will give each group a board marker and cards on which there are written negative and affirmative past tense verbs taken from the reading passage studied in the previous lesson. The T will begin a competition. The members of groups will try to find and underline whatever is written on their cards in the reading passage projected on the board. Each group will choose a runner to underline the verbs on the board. The first one to come and underline the matching words will be the winner.

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

*The T will ask the sts some related questions to the context that also require to use "didn't" in the answer: Did Mike sleep too much? (No, he didn't) Did he buy the carpet? (No, he didn't) Did they see the Pyramids? (No, they didn't) *T will make the form clear by writing some example sentences on the board and asking CCQs to guide the sts to understand more clearly. They didn't see the Pyramids. (S) (negative form of aux V.) (main verb) (object) *The T will also clarify and practice the pronunciation of the target language: They didn't see the Pyramids. (short form of "did not") /ˈdɪd.ənt/

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

The teacher will give the sts a HO that contains the past tense affirmative sentences. The T will ask the sts to convert the sentences from affirmative into negative form. After each st finishes working on their HO, the T will have the sts work with their partners to check and compare their answers with each other. Finally, the T will get feedback from the partners and do error correction as needed.

Free Practice (10-12 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

The T will give the sts a piece of blank paper and ask them to write three things that they wanted to do but they didn't do in the past. The T will make what he wants the sts to do clear by giving examples from his own life. After each st finishes, the T will ask the sts to exchange their papers between their partners. The T will tell each st to read their partners' papers, put the papers face down, try to remember and tell what it is written on their partners' paper.

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