Ali Farzadian Ali Farzadian

upper-intermediate level


In this lesson students learn about different ways of saying “no” and how to make their responses stronger, more/ less certain or polite. The lesson starts with students expressing opinions about paint-balling followed by an elicitation of polite ways of saying no to an invitation. After some controlled practice through choosing the best way to complete some sentences, there is an instant mini role-play speaking activity.


Main Aims

  • To introduce students to the functional language of saying "no"

Subsidiary Aims

  • To practice speaking for fluency


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

I ask " Does paint-balling sound like fun?" and listen to their answers and then find the ones who are not very interested in this hobby.

Exposure (8-10 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

I ask the ones who were not interested in this hobby, "How would you say "no" to an invitation to paint-balling?" and elicit some answers.

Highlighting (2-4 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

I put the elicited answers along with some other suggestions on the board.

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

I divide the items on the board into 3 groups; polite, firm and uncertain

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

1) I give out the first Handout which is exercise1 from the student's book page 9. students are supposed to find the best answer to complete the dialogues. Then students check answers in pairs before listening to the audio file for the final check. 2) Pair-work; I give them a set of cards consisting of 3 incomplete dialogues and 3 answers to fit in the sentences. Students are supposed to match them and then, I give them the write answers.

Semi-Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

I instruct students to make 5 Yes/No questions about their friend's hobby and ask them to their partners.

Free Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Pair-work, Instant mini-role-paly; I give the students their role cards. Student A is a customer who wants to return a computer they bought yesterday. Student B is a shop assistant who rejects the request because of shopping terms and conditions mentioned on the receipt.

Web site designed by: Nikue