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Serdar Yılmaz / 14.04.2016 / İntermediate level / Grammar - speaking
İntermediate Level level


In this lesson, students will be able to improve their grammar about modal verbs for obligations.



Main Aims

  • To provide clarification of modal verbs in the context of obligations and prohibitions

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide fluency speaking practice in a tourists on information desk in the context of obligations
  • To provide product writing practice of a tourist at the information desk in the context of obligations


Warmer / Lead-in (6-7 minutes) • Setting up the lesson context and engaging students to TL. / Activate awareness of modal context: Degree of obligation.

Warm Up/ Activate awareness of modal context: Degree of obligation. Activity #1 – Talking about obligation (don’t forget greeting the sts!) T may starting out with a question and try to encourage sts to answer and create a discussion about the situation below: T (to an individual S): “When guests come to your home, do you ask them to take their shoes?” ( Alternatively T may ask : ‘ Do you take your shoes off when you walk in to a mosque? T should think about sts background, age, cultures etc). This may get sts attention. It should get the students' attention. Carry on asking. T: “Does anybody ask their guests to take their shoes when they wanted to visit you and come into your home?” If someone does T: “Very good. And what do you say to them?” T may write the students' remark on the board. T: “Brilliant, imagine that we do like to have our guests remove their shoes when they come to our house. Maybe we have nice expensive rugs or it is cultural. What will you say to them? How will you get them to take off their shoes?” Write student responses on the board. Some possible sts answers might be: Will you please take off your shoes? Please take off your shoes. After writing the responses, introduce the vocabulary word “obligation.” Use CCQs: Is it a rule or opinion? rule For example:‘It is an obligation that all male citizens in Turkey have to go to army’ ‘You have to have a license to drive a car’.How much obligation does each sentence imply? Ask the students to consider more possible ways to make their statements. T: “Would you say: ‘You have to take off your shoes.’ Yes? No? If sts feel it is too forceful way of asking and feel impolite, then T: Ok, now imagine that you are a security guard at a museum that displays beautiful antique carpets. Visitors can walk on the carpets, but they have to take off their shoes. As the security guard, what do you say to them?” Write the answers on the board. Discuss the meaning, tone, forcefulness, or politeness of each remark. How much obligation do the visitors have to take off their shoes? Discuss issues of subtext and politeness: T: “Do visitors have a choice?”

Exposure / Clarify (6-7 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a situation

*T will ask: What does the word 'manners' mean? a way of behaving that is Considered to be polite *T will give the first task out. #Task1 * İndividual work. Manners or Rules! * T will give answer key for the task. *#Task 2 match the sentences from the dialogues with their meanings. *Pair work. * Teacher will collect the answers and eliciting words like allowed / permitted / prohibited / necessary.

Controlled practice (13-15 minutes) • To make sure Sts will be able to talk about TL in different situations

*T will start on the #Task3 * Group work. *Matching the appropriate discription with right modal verb. Sts has to work together in their groups to complete the task. * Groups have to bring right answer to WB and match it on the right modal verb. *T will monitor and take notes where sts getting confused . Also praise Sts who is involving this activity. * T will set out the right form and meaning for the modal verbs. on the WB .

Controlled practice (9-10 minutes) • To provide students with more challenging, detailed tasks.

*T will set the #task4 *Pair work. *T will feedback on the answers ( depending on time, by giving answer keys or doing it with the class ) * T will talk about last 2 questions where sts can see the question and negative forms of the modal verbs. *T will try to elicit them from sts and will show the Form for the modal verbs.

Freer Practice (5-6 minutes) • Sts to carry out activities to show they can use the tought language in a much freer way.

*Teacher will clarify where to use modal verbs and connection with the cultural shock. *Final stage will be an individual work. * You are an information officer working in the airport. Sitting on your information desk and here this family approaches to you to get in formation about Turkish people, Turkish men-women, Places to go and rules in public places and transports.. * Written activity.

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