Beginner level


In this lesson, Students will learn the negative form of the past simple and how to negate an action in the past. S will be practicing the target language throughout the lesson and using it in their speech.


Abc handout
Abc worksheet
Abc photos

Main Aims

  • To provide practice of the negative form of the past continuous in the context of telling actions that did not happen in the past

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide accuracy and fluency speaking practice in a conversation in the context of what did you do and what did not you do yesterday?


Lead in/ warmer (6-7 minutes) • to get students interested and engaged and to introduce the TL

T will start the lesson by telling the SS about what he did and did not do yesterday. T will divide the WB into two parts, one for the things that were done and one for the things that were not done yesterday. T will show pictures for the things that he did and put them on their side and show pictures of the things that he did not do and put them on their side as well. After that, T will nominate two students to tell the class what they did and did not do yesterday quickly and then T will give students two minutes to tell their partners what they did and what they did not do yesterday in order to get them to speak and test their previous knowledge of the target language. T will take whole class feedback as soon as their time is up.

controlled practice 1 (6-7 minutes) • To have student notice the word order of the negative form of the past simple

T will give SS a worksheet including an exercise in which students have table and sentences and they need to put these sentences in the table to notice the word order. SS will have two minutes to do it in pairs, but before that T might change the groups to give SS the chance to set and practice with other people. When they finish, T will give them the answer key and do some drilling on these sentences that will have been prepared already on the WB while they are doing the exercise.

clarification (6-7 minutes) • to clarify any point that might be confusing

T will highlight the word order in past simple negatives: S+did not+verb+....and also T will point out that didn't is the contracted form of did not and that we usually use this form when speaking and writing. In addition, T will mention that we use didn't with all subjects and with all verbs except be and highlight that we use the verb in negative sentences, not its past simple form : I didn't stay in a hotel. not I didn't stayed in a hotel., etc. finally, T will remind SS that the past simple negative of be is wasn't or weren't, not didn't be.

controlled practice 2 (7-8 minutes) • to make sure that students understood how to negate a past simple sentence

T will give students a handout containing an exercise in which SS need to make some sentences negative and rewrite them in the negative form. T will give an example on the WB to make the task easier and give students three minutes to do it in pairs.T will ask some ICQs like, are you working alone or with a partner?. when they finish, T will take the feedback by asking SS to nominate each other to give the answers to the whole class.

free-practice (7-8 minutes) • to get the students to use the target language in a free way

I will show students three pictures of my colleagues being upset, sleepy and sad, then I would ask students to look at my peers behind them whom I am showing pictures of to realize that I am referring to the past in the pictures and I will give each group of SS one picture of different teacher and each group needs to write five sentences based on the picture they have to give reasons for one of the teacher's being sad using the target language (did not) for example, they will write "Ivan is sad because she did not talk to her family yesterday. I will give SS two minutes to write five sentences after putting them in groups. When they finish, I will ask each group to read their sentences loudly to the whole class.

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