Merve Bayar Merve Bayar

Past Simple Questions
Elementary level


In this lesson, students learn about how to form questions in past simple. During this lesson students will be introduced to the past simple (negative, short questions and answers) in the context of past weekend and past holidays. Students will complete a series of controlled tasks to practice using the grammar accurately. Students will then engage in some speaking activities to practice what they have learnt and to develop their fluency.


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Main Aims

  • To provide clarification and practice of past simple questions in the context of past weekend and holiday

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide fluency speaking practice in a conversation in the context of past weekend and holiday


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students in the context of last holiday

Teacher will stick an image on the WB of herself on holiday. Teacher will also stick images on the WB of places/things she did/didn't do whilst on holiday. Teacher will instruct students to work in pairs to come up with some questions to ask about the images.

Exposure (3-4 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

Ask students: Did you go to the sea on your holiday? Did you have fun? Did you like it? Did you go to a different city? Did you swim? Student will answer the question by saying yes or no. Ask all students: Did she like it? Did she go to the sea?

Highlighting and Clarification (7-8 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language and to clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

Teacher will highlight the structure Did/didn't on the WB: Did + Subject + base form verb/ question word +did/didn't +subject +base form verb Teacher elicits short answers of past simple questions. Form: Did/didn't on the WB: Did + Subject + base form verb/ question word +did/didn't +subject +base form verb Meaning: We make past simple questions using did to ask about past situations. E.g. Did you meet your friend last weekend? CCQ's: Are we talking about the present or past? (past) Are we asking about today or the last weekend? (last weekend) Do we know if this person did meet his/her friend on the last weekend? Pronunciaton: the past simple question form often includes features of elision and assimilation, e.g. Did you go -> dɪd juː gəʊ -> dɪdjə gəʊ Teacher will engage students in a series of drilling exercises to practice pronunciation: didn't / did not (focus on the stress)

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice in the context of last weekend/holiday

Teacher anounces competition task. Teacher gives handout with questions in past tense to unjumble. Students will work in groups of 3 or 4. The group which finishes first comes to the WB and writes the answer.

Semi-Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice in the context of last weekend/holiday

Students work in pairs. Teacher gives handout for partner A and one for partner B with past simple questions. One student will ask past tense question and the partner will control the rightness of the question since he/she has the solution. Then they switch.

Free Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language in the context of last holiday

Students change partners. Teacher will place students in two lines facing each other. Teacher will instruct students to think of the last time they went on holiday (if they haven't, they can pretend). Students will ask and answer each others questions about their last holiday. When teacher claps twice (or plays music) students must change partners and then tell their new partner about their previous partner's holiday. ICQ's: 1. are you going to ask about your partners last holiday? (yes) 2. are you going to speak to everyone or just your partner? (just partner) 3. When I clap twice are you going to change partners? (yes) Teacher will walk around the classroom and monitor students conversations. Teacher will make a note of any errors to give language feedback. Teacher will pick students to tell about some of their peers last holiday.

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