Amirbabak Arsalanpour Amirbabak Arsalanpour

Modals of Present Deduction
Intermediate level


In this lesson learn about present modals of deduction including could, can't, might, may and must. The grammar lesson is presented through a context of travelling via a receptive skill of listening.


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Main Aims

  • To provide clarification and practice of Present modals of deduction: must, might, may, can't in the context of travel

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide gist listening practice using a text about holiday in the context of travel


Lead-in for the Listening task (3-7 minutes) • Presenting marker sentences of present deduction modals

- T projects slide of places. - Ss try to guess where these places are - Ss support their assumption - Teacher get FB -Teacher won't give the answers

Listening Pre-Teach (5-10 minutes) • Eliminating blocking vocabulary for listening

- T sets the task - T gives handouts on on blocking vocabulary - Ss work in pairs to match the places with words -T quickly elicits the answers on the board

Listening (7-15 minutes) • Presenting grammar / marker sentences

- T introduces the characters and sets the scene for the listening - T play the recording - Ss do the task (they number the pictures in the order they hear them) - Ss check in pairs - T gets freed back with WC

Marker Sentences (present modals of deduction) (5-10 minutes) • Presenting the TL

- T puts the marker sentences on the board. - T gets FB on the meaning - T gets FB on the form( positive and negative)

Controlled Practice (5-10 minutes) • Practicing present modals of deduction

- T gives instructions. - T gives Ss HO - Ss complete the sentences. - Ss check in pairs/group

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