Amirbabak Arsalanpour Amirbabak Arsalanpour

To Be (Present Tense / Questions and Short Answers)
True Beginnerns level


In this lesson, Ss learn how to form yes/no question forms as well as WH questions with verb TO BE in the present simple tense. The task is to be accomplished through a gap-filling task that follows an email serving as the context. Having exposed to the context, Ss are supposed to be able to fill in the blanks with ARE for the pronouns of WE, YOU and THEY. They are also expected to learn how to correctly give a short answer to yes/no questions with verb TO BE. The pronunciation of yes/no as well WH questions with the present tense form of the verb TO BE is presented and practiced. The lesson ends with practicing the structure presented. The lesson starts with a quick review of the context (the above mentioned email). To do so, the adjectives, describing the places mentioned in the email, are reviewed.


Abc Correct words circle handout
Abc cut-ups
Abc Google images

Main Aims

  • To provide fluency and accuracy speaking practice in a Role Play - Questions and Answers - controlled in the context of Email - 2 x Travelling two couples

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide practice and clarification of To be in questions (yes/no + WH) / short answers in the context of Emails - two travelling couples / cues: couples travelling (job, nationality, age,...)------> Emails


ADJ Review (5-10 minutes) • Re-setting context

- Photo of Liz and Steve (L&S) Istanbul + Alice and Mike (A&M) Cairo are put on the WB (1st: A&M / 2nd: L&S) - Nouns extracted from the emails written on the WB next to the each pictures - Ss are provided with cut-ups containing adjs appeared in the emails. - T points to the noun (place, people,...) - S with the matching cut-up raises hand, comes to WB and stick the cut-up next to the noun.

be (plural): questions and answers (10-15 minutes) • Clarification: ARE used with you, we, they in yes/no questions and WH questions. Pronunciation, intonation of yes/no questions and WH questions. Short answers (contractions and uncontractions), Correct pronunciation of ARE in questions and short answers- Slight review of subject pronouns

-- Handouts on the table containing gaps to be filled with ARE and AREN"T are given to students (face2face student's book - activity 11 - page 23) -- Ss (in pairs) given time to fill in the gaps with ARE and AREN"T -- Table is put on the WB while Ss are doing the activity -- FB with the WC -- T writes We are in room 216. T highlights the inverted form: Are we in room (repetition) -- T points out we say You're not instead of You are not. -- T points out we do not answer with just Yes or No (impolite) -- Pronunciation and intonation demonstrated on the WB (falling to rising graph), -- -- Ss repeat the sentences after the T

Circle the correct form of BE (is/are) (10-15 minutes) • Production / Practice = grammar presented including pronunciation

- S As are given the questions on A&S - S Bs are given the questions on L&S - S As and S Bs circle the correct form of BE individually - SS check answers alone (answers provided at the bottom) - SS find the answers to their questions in the emails already covered - SS are put in pairs and ask and answer the questions

Verb TO BE (plural and singular) : questions, short answers, WH questions (10-15 minutes) • Speaking

- T introduces a couple by putting a phot of them on WB and encourages Ss to answer questions related personal inf and whereabouts the couple. The elicited info is written near the photo - Ss are put in pairs - S As are given the related hand-out taken from face2face TB page -133 -S Bs are given the related hand-out taken from face2face TB page -133 - SS ask & answer questions and write in the blank boxes

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