Susan Susan

Intermediate B1 level


In this lesson Ss will practice the use of Present Perfect Simple and Past simple.


Main Aims

  • Language focus: To review and extend Ss' knowledge of present perfect simple for experience through controlled, semi-controlled and freer practice and by contrasting it with simple past, through the context of art and friendships

Subsidiary Aims

  • Will provide Ss with the meaning, form and pronunciation of the grammar structure.
  • Ss will practice the grammar through a gap fill activity.
  • Ss will practice the grammar through a semi controlled speaking activity.
  • Ss will practice the grammar through a semi controlled speaking activity using prompts only.


Warmer/Lead-in (2-3 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Greeting Ss. Getting everything ready. Ss look at PP slide. Whose paintings are these? Were they friends? Ss talk in pairs and give reason for their answers. . wc FB: Paintings of Picasso and Matisse. Yes, they met for the first time in 1906.

Highlighting (1-2 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

They met in 1906. They have been friends since 1907. What is the difference?

Clarification (8-9 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

Write on the board: They've been friends since 1907. S + have + V3 (irregular verb) They met for the first time in 1906. S + V3 (irregular verb) I've seen all the 007 movies. He's seen all the Star Wars movies. S + 've + V3 (irregular verb) I saw Sky Fall last year. He saw the latest movie two month ago. S + V3 (irregular verb) Have you ever been to Paris? Yes, I have. have + S + V3 (irregular verb) When were you in Paris? I was in Paris last week. When + V2 + S What is the difference between the two sentences? When do we use Past Simple? Specific event or experience in the past. When do we use Present perfect? A event of experience in the past CCQs: Am I talking about the future? (No) Am I talking about the past? (yes) Am I talking about a specific time? (No) Am I talking about an experience in your life? (Yes) Time line: handout to be completed by S alone and compare with partner. Write 2 sentence in Past Simple and 2 sentence in Present Perfect that is true for you. FB: get some of the sentences and correct if needed Ask Ss to draw a timeline of both the tenses.

Controlled Practice (6-8 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

Students complete a gap fill activity alone and compare with partner. FB: Answer Key.

Semi-Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

T gives each Ss a card with a Present Perfect sentence and a Past simple follow up question. Ss walk around and ask each other the questions. If the answer is yes, Ss should write it down and report back to class. E.g. Ata broke a leg in 2014. Selma have been in Turkey for 50 years. Practicing asking questions and giving answers.

Freer / Semi controled (8-10 minutes) • Students speak to each other but try to use the target language.

In groups of three Ss role play and interview two friends. Interviewer ask questions about their friendship and their lives. Friends need to respond with either Past simple or Present Perfect. T monitors give feedback where needed

If time (1-2 minutes) • Ss formulate questions with present perfect and past simple

T writes a few verbs on the board and Ss formulate questions and ask their partners. work, sleep, meet, write, eat, Have you worked during the summer? Yes I have. I worked in Paris for the summer.

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