Grammar Lesson on 'Have to/Can'
To provide clarification of 'have to/can' in the context of 'credits/bank loans and money'.
To provide fluency speaking practice in a conversation.
Procedure (32-40 minutes)
*Project Muhamed's picture on the WB. Ask Ss if they remember him and Grameen. *Chest the folded HO. "These sentences are about his customers. Can you circle the correct expressions in pairs?" Use gestures to reinforce instructions. *"Don't unfold the paper yet." *They will have 1 minute to complete the exercise. I will monitor and check their answers. *Elicit the answers shortly.
*Instruct the Ss to unfold the paper. Use gestures. *"Match the expressions with the meanings. And then decide which expression has a similar meaning to these." *"By expression we mean?" --Have to, don't have to, can, can't. *"You will do the exercise with who?" *Again, they will have 1 minute. I will be monitoring for mistakes and to provide help if necessary. *Give out the answer key.
*Chest the two sided HO. *"Fill the gaps with 'can, can't, do, don't'". *"Can you fill the gaps with 'have to'?" --No. "This time try to do it alone please. *They will have 1 minute. Then I will ask them to check with their partners. *Elicit the answers.
*Project the table on the board. *Instruct the students to turn the paper around. *Ask the CCQs: "What time are these expressions talking about?" Examples; You have to spend money on that house. We can't spend any money next month. She can work in a bank." "Is it important, necessary?" "Is it ok if we don't do it?" "Do we have a choice?" *Write yes/no in the blanks on the table. Ask the students to do the same with the table in front of them. *Write a sentence with gaps on the WB to elicit the structure from the Ss.
*Project the model sentences on the WB. *Make drills and write the schwa under the weak sounds while we are drilling. *For the 2nd and 3rd sentences, after drilling, elicit what kind of sentences they are (a positive sentence and a question). I can help them elicit by drawing a '+' and a '?' next to the sentences. *For the 4th and 5th, do the same thing with '-' and 'short answers'.
*Chest the HO. *Change these sentences so they are true for your country. With your partners." Use gestures. *"Are we going to change them for Germany?" "Are we going to do it alone?" *They will have 2 minutes. Monitor for the answers (and note to correct later) and warn in case of L1 usage. *Tell the Ss we will come back to those answers shortly.
*Project flags of different countries on the WB. *"What do you know about laws in other countries?" *'I know that in Germany, you can drive as fast as you want." *"Can you think of 3 other things and write them down?On your own. You have 2.5 minutes." *Monitor to check if the instructions were clear. *"Check with your partners." *"Did you get the same answers?" Elicit some of them and make error correction if necessary.