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Grammar Lesson on 'Have to/Can'
Pre-Intermediate level


In this lesson, students will acknowledge 'have to/can' through guided discovery exercises which are related to the context of 'credits and bank loans'. Some focus on pronunciation will follow this. They will make some controlled, semi-controlled practice and some speaking practice by the end of the lesson.


Abc Two sided HO
Abc Folded HO
Abc Controlled Practice
Abc Image of Muhamed Yunus from pg. 44
Abc Small answer key
Abc Image of flags of different countries

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification of 'have to/can' in the context of 'credits/bank loans and money'.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide fluency speaking practice in a conversation.


Warmer/Lead-in (2-3 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

*Project Muhamed's picture on the WB. Ask Ss if they remember him and Grameen. *Chest the folded HO. "These sentences are about his customers. Can you circle the correct expressions in pairs?" Use gestures to reinforce instructions. *"Don't unfold the paper yet." *They will have 1 minute to complete the exercise. I will monitor and check their answers. *Elicit the answers shortly.

Guided Discovery (2-3 minutes) • To provide clarification on the TL

*Instruct the Ss to unfold the paper. Use gestures. *"Match the expressions with the meanings. And then decide which expression has a similar meaning to these." *"By expression we mean?" --Have to, don't have to, can, can't. *"You will do the exercise with who?" *Again, they will have 1 minute. I will be monitoring for mistakes and to provide help if necessary. *Give out the answer key.

Guided Discovery #2 (3-4 minutes) • To provide more clarification on TL

*Chest the two sided HO. *"Fill the gaps with 'can, can't, do, don't'". *"Can you fill the gaps with 'have to'?" --No. "This time try to do it alone please. *They will have 1 minute. Then I will ask them to check with their partners. *Elicit the answers.

Concept Checking (4-5 minutes) • To check understanding of the meaning of TL

*Project the table on the board. *Instruct the students to turn the paper around. *Ask the CCQs: "What time are these expressions talking about?" Examples; You have to spend money on that house. We can't spend any money next month. She can work in a bank." "Is it important, necessary?" "Is it ok if we don't do it?" "Do we have a choice?" *Write yes/no in the blanks on the table. Ask the students to do the same with the table in front of them. *Write a sentence with gaps on the WB to elicit the structure from the Ss.

Clarification (4-5 minutes) • To correct and prohibit the potential pronunciation mistakes of the Ss

*Project the model sentences on the WB. *Make drills and write the schwa under the weak sounds while we are drilling. *For the 2nd and 3rd sentences, after drilling, elicit what kind of sentences they are (a positive sentence and a question). I can help them elicit by drawing a '+' and a '?' next to the sentences. *For the 4th and 5th, do the same thing with '-' and 'short answers'.

Controlled Practice (3-3 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

*Chest the HO. *Change these sentences so they are true for your country. With your partners." Use gestures. *"Are we going to change them for Germany?" "Are we going to do it alone?" *They will have 2 minutes. Monitor for the answers (and note to correct later) and warn in case of L1 usage. *Tell the Ss we will come back to those answers shortly.

Semi-Controlled Practice (6-7 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

*Project flags of different countries on the WB. *"What do you know about laws in other countries?" *'I know that in Germany, you can drive as fast as you want." *"Can you think of 3 other things and write them down?On your own. You have 2.5 minutes." *Monitor to check if the instructions were clear. *"Check with your partners." *"Did you get the same answers?" Elicit some of them and make error correction if necessary.

Free Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free speaking practice


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