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Comparatives and Superlatives
Elementary level


In this lesson, students learn how to compare two things/people and three or more things/people. The lesson starts with visuals that I show to students. The students try to make sentences about the pictures. For example which building is tall or which animal is heavy. This is followed by making comparisons of two thing and then three things. Finally, there is some controlled practice through reading activity and free practice via a speaking activity.


Main Aims

  • To teach students compare two/three things and people. Also to give students opportunity to revise adjectives by semi-controlled speaking activity.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide clarification and review of common adjectives.


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Teacher draws a big star on the board and write some numbers or places which students try to guess. Then each students do the same thing and other students guess the features of the student.

Exposure (8-10 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

Teacher show students some pictures and students make short sentence about the images. Then the teacher asks who is taller, who is shorter etc.

Highlighting (2-4 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

Teacher writes the sentences of the students on the board and underline the adjectives.

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

Teacher write the form of the topic and explain the meaning via the images. Then the teacher shows the stress and teaches pronunciation.

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

Students do gap-fiil activity which they should write the correct form of comparatives and superlatives. Then they go on making sentences.

Semi-Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

Teacher ask comparing questions such as "which is the longest river?" or "which is the highest mountain?" These questions include general culture so students have fun.

Free Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

In this stage, students work with their partner. They ask and answer questions to each other. For example "who is more handsome?", or "which city is the best?"

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