pooya haghshenas pooya haghshenas

perfect tenses in the past, present and future
Upper-intermediate level


In this lesson Ss work on perfect tenses by first listening to a recording to get familiar with the typical sentences in perfect form. Then we will have a short review of the form of perfect tenses and after that we practice with different activities.


Main Aims

  • To provide clarification of perfect tenses in the past, present and future in the context of unusual achievements

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide review of time words (ago, before, by, the time, over the last, since, then) in the context of unusual achievemnts


Warmer (5-10 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

The Ss are already familiar with the context so I will just ask some CCQs to make them remember. CCQs: do you remember what you were talking about in ….’s class yesterday?- unusual achievements. Do you remember some of the achievements mentioned there?- managing director of yahoo!, family of young university graduates, juggling records, circling the globe by helicopter, Halle Berry. Then I will show them the pictures in listening part and ask them to guess what they are doing and what is their achievement. After that they will have a minute to read questions of Ex.1 Pg.54. I will put Ss in pairs then play the recording part by part and ask them to check their answers together.

Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • Ss find out what is the focus of this lesson

Put Ss in pairs and ask them to do the Ex.2a Pg.54 then Ex.2b.

Exposure (12-15 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

We work on Analysis Pg.54. It is a GD and Ss are to find the answers themselves so I will just help them and correct them if it is needed. After that, we work on examples and I will use timelines to clarify the perfect tenses for them while asking CCQs to make sure they understand every part of the lesson.

Highlighting/controlled practice (10-15 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

I will ask students to take a look at pictures in Pg.55 and ask if they know them and ask about their achievements. Then I will ask them to do the practice 1 Pg.55 in pairs.

Freer Practice/ Personalisation (4-6 minutes) • To make Ss use the TL about themselves

I ask Ss to work individually by doing practice 2 Pg.55. Monitor and help if needed.

Wrap up (8-10 minutes) • To practice more on TL and let Ss use it while they talk to eachother

Ask Ss to do practice 3 Pg.55 in pairs. Then read the most interesting one to the class

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