PuRvi K PuRvi K

Grammar - Modal Verbs
Intermediate (B1+) level


Students have been introduced to few of the modal verbs before (could, must, can). In this session, they will focus on how modal verbs are used for giving advise and permission (should, must, can, may) as well. After the highlight and clarification stage, students will have a controlled practice followed by free practice where they will use these modal verbs for advise and permission (in context with places)


No materials added to this plan yet.

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification and practice of modal verbs in the context of work place/s

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide fluency and accuracy speaking practice in a presentation in the context of places (hospital, school, shopping mall, metro station)


Warmer/Lead-in (3-4 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

- T uses context from previous session on ‘choosing partners’ - T tells a short story of Kate and Selim who’re from India; they met at a party, dated for couple of weeks and fell in love, now they’re visiting Istanbul** for the first time **this is to 'change' the context of previous session - from 'choosing partners/ dating' to 'places'

Exposure (5-6 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

- T puts up some signage on WB and tells that - Kate sees some of these signs in the city (at metro, hotel, bus stop, roads etc.) - Ss work in pairs to make sentences referring to this sign boards so that it makes sense to Kate & Selim - T monitors the language used by Ss - to see whether they have any prior knowledge about modal verbs - Elicit few of the sentences and put it up on WB; highlight TL if it comes from Ss (should not, must, not allowed etc.)

Highlighting (4-5 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

- Give marker sentence/s and ask Ss to discuss it in pairs with TL highlighted - What is the difference between the two? - T gives set of questions based on marker sentence and Ss will discuss and answer in pairs - T monitors the discussion and notes the common error/s feedback: elicit from Ss (WC) marker sentences on : 1) Advice: should, have to, must 2) Permission: May i/we/ they/ you Can i/we/ they/ you

Clarification (7-8 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

- a pair checks the answers with the next pair - T monitors for any confusion / diff. of opinion - WC checking and clarifying the function and use by providing definition

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

1) to check meaning: match activity for modal verbs - should, must, mustn't - T gives Match A with B activity - S work in pairs (give ONLY 1 HO); tell Ss that they will get another copy. - Let Ss match the sentences. FB: call few Ss to match it on the board. 2) to check form: - T elicits the form from Ss (same sentences) - Sub. + modal verb + verb

Semi-Controlled Practice (3-4 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

- show some pictures of different places – hospital, school, metro station, residential apartment, shopping mall - elicit some of the things that people are prohibited or permitted in these places - what are some of the obligation that you would give to people visiting these places

Free Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

- T puts up different pictures of places – Hospital, School, Metro Station, Residential Apartment, Shopping Mall - Ask: what are some of the things that people have to follow in these places (rules, permission, prohibition) - Ss get in groups of 3 or 4 (depends on no. of Ss) and have to prepare & list down at least 2 sentences on each – obligation (should, must), prohibition (can’t, mustn’t, not allowed to), permission (allowed to, can) for their places - few of the Ss group / pair comes forward and present their list to WC

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