Elif Gizem Özsaraçoğlu Elif Gizem Özsaraçoğlu

Lesson Plan TP 2a Elif Gizem Özsaraçoğlu
B1 level


In this lesson students will learn how "for" and "since" are used through controlled and semi-controlled speaking and writing activities. First I will elicit the sentences "I have been a teacher since 2008." and "I have been married for 4 months." Then I will break them down and examine the difference of "for" and "since". Later we will move on to different frequently used time expressions with "for" and "since". "Never" will be added afterwards and students will practice speaking about their experiences.


Abc HO

Main Aims

  • To provide practice of "for and since" usage in Present Perfect Simple in the context of Experiences

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide accuracy speaking practice in a conversation in the context of Experiences


Warmer/Lead-in (10-10 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Elicit "be married" and "got married" "I got married in May. I am still married." Get them to use the present perfect simple. Then ask "How long have I been married?" Elicit the sentence "I have been married for 4 months/since May" concept check, drill, write and work on stress. Elicit "teach" Do the same thing with "I have thought English since 2008"

Exposure (10-15 minutes) • To provide a model of production expected in coming tasks through reading/listening

Draw a time line and write "I have been married since May- for 5 months" I have been a teacher since 2008 - for 5 years I haven't been to my parents' house since last week/ for a week. Give the ss HOs. Ask them to complete the table. Stick "FOR" and "SINCE" papers on the wall and ask them to stick appropriate time adverbs below them. (4 minutes) Right after this activity, ask ss to write 2 sentences using present perfect simple and the time expressions with "for" and "since" (6 min.)

Productive Task (8-10 minutes) • To provide an opportunity to practice target productive skills

When ss finish the activity ask them to answer the questions in ex. 2 Demo: "You have been in this classroom for ... hours" (Have been = be because ss are in the classroom now.) " You have been in Beşiktaş many times. (Have been = go because ss are not in Beşiktaş now). Ask them to work on their own. Then ask ss to check their partners' answers, work in pairs and ask feedback.

Feedback and Error Correction (8-8 minutes) • To provide feedback on students' production and use of language

Ex 2-2 ask them to make real sentences about themselves using since, for , never. Check their mistakes in their sentences and take notes. Write some of the mistakes in the sentences on the board and ask them to correct each others' error.

Discussion (3-5 minutes) • Speaking for accuracy

Ask ss to look at ex. 3. Ask ss to get up and find a partner then ask about students' recent experiences and discuss them with the class.

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