Ali Muhammadzadeh Ali Muhammadzadeh

Listening & Speaking (TP 2a)
Intermediate level


In this lessons, Ss are going to practice both speaking and listening in the context of the lesson which revolves around dilemmas. The lesson begins with a short WC elicitation of the meaning of "dilemma" and "at a crossroads" and moves on to a quick activity about the new vocabulary that Ss might not know or might find useful at the next stages of the lesson. Further into the lesson, the Ss are going to read for gist. They read about three situations and decide in which situation it is the hardest to make a decision. Next, the Ss are going to discuss and come up with some advice for the person in each situation. The second part of the lesson includes a listening where the Ss are going to listen for gist to find out about a problem that a man called Derek has. Afterwards, the lesson moves on to the stage when the Ss need to listen for more detail, putting words in the gaps provided in the exercise. The final stage of the lesson involves a discussion in which the Ss need to come up with ideas about what Derek should do.


Abc Word-meaning matching
Abc Straightforward Intermediate Student's Book p. 72

Main Aims

  • To listen for gist and details
  • To speak in semi-controlled and freer speaking activities

Subsidiary Aims

  • To read for gist


Warmer (5-5 minutes) • To familiarize the students with the lesson context: Dilemmas

-- Elicit from the Ss if the can remember what the previous reading lesson was about. (Zoe made decision to live on a farm after redundancy.) -- Ask whether the decision was easy for Zoe. -- Explain that in life, there are situations in which it is so hard to make a decision because the choices you have are equally good. Encourage them to give you the word "dilemma." If they could not, write the word on the WB and ask them to repeat after you. -- Draw a junction on the board. Ask if they know the word "crossroads". Elicit answers and write the word under the crossroads. Draw a stick figure that looks puzzled and cannot choose which way to go. Ask, "What is his problem?" Elicit answers. (He does not know which way to go.) Explain that if someone is at a crossroads, he is about to make an important decision which can change his future.

Pre-teaching Vocabulary (4-6 minutes) • To familiarize the students with some of the words they are going to encounter in the reading text

-- Write the words--promotion, scholarship, contract, receive, and career--on the WB. Put the Ss in groups of 3 and ask them to think of their meanings. -- After they have discussed for a couple of minutes, give the HO, and ask them to match the words with the meanings and write their parts of speech. When they are done with the activity, check the answers with the Ss.

Reading for Gist (6-8 minutes) • To get the students to read for gist

-- Give the HO of page 72. -- Introduce the Exercise and ask the Ss to read all the situations in Exercise 1. Give them a time of 3 minutes. Encourage them to think individually for a minute. -- Put the Ss in small groups, and ask them to share their thoughts and reasons. -- Elicit answers from each of the groups.

Discussion (4-6 minutes) • To get the students to come up with advice for each situation and personalize the topic

-- Ask the Ss to work in pairs and answer the questions in Exercise 2. Encourage them to use "should" if they are not able to form complete sentences. -- Elicit answers for both questions.

Pre-listening (4-6 minutes) • To get the students to make predictions about what they are going to listen to

-- Ask the Ss to focus on the picture for listening. Ask questions to encourage them to tell you where the people in the picture are, what they are doing, or how they feel. -- Tell the Ss that they are going to listen to a conversation between Derek and Dave and that Derek has a problem. Ask them to discuss in pairs and tell which person in the picture is Derek and what they think his problem is. -- Get some FB and if you have enough time, write some ideas on the WB.

Listening for Gist (Part 1) (4-8 minutes) • To get the students to listen for gist

-- Tell the Ss that they are going to listen to the conversation and check their answers. -- The Ss listen to the first part of the listening and then check their answers in the same pairs in which they made their predictions. Elicit answers, and if necessary, play the track again; this time, ask the Ss to compare answers in small groups. -- Get some FB from each pair/group to see whose answer is correct. Ask which answer on the WB is closets to their answers.

Listening for Details (Part 1) (4-8 minutes) • To get the students to recognize the words in the listening and fill the gaps with them

-- Ask the Ss to read the sentences 1-4 in Exercise 2 and see if they can fill in the gaps with appropriate words. Elicit some answers and write them on the WB. -- Ask the Ss to listen and check in pairs whether their answers were correct. Elicit FB to see if they have correctly filled the gaps.

Listening for Details (Part 2) (5-8 minutes) • To get the students to recognize the words in the listening and fill the gaps with them

-- Ask the Ss what they think Derek will decide. Get some ideas. -- Ask the Ss to listen to fill in the gaps in the sentences 5-8. After listening, ask them to check their answers in pairs. Get some FB to check they have answered correctly. -- If they are having trouble, play the second part of the track again.

Speaking (Discussion) (5-5 minutes) • To get the students to have freer speaking activity

-- Put students in small groups and ask them to discuss what Derek should do. Give them a 5-minute time limit. -- After the discussion, get some WC FB.

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