Present Perfect Continuous
To Introduce and provide practice in the present perfect continous and time expressions "since" & "for" through the context of life changes
Speaking fluency practice
Procedure (32-45 minutes)
Ask the students a question about the reading text from the previous lesson: when did Zoe start working on the farm? Elicit the answer "October of last year" Ask the students how did they know this. Elicit the answer from the text :Zoe has been working on the farm since October of last year. write the sentence on the w/b.
Ask the students: " When did the action start?". Elicit the answer : Last October - past tense. Ask the students: " Is the action still continuing?" (the answer should be Yes). Ask the students: "What tense is it?" (Present perfect continuous). Write the name of the tense on the w/b as a title. Draw a timeline to help clarify where the tense should be shown. Elicit the form of present perfect continuous and mark it on the example using different colours. Check that the students can make both negative &positive sentences. Drill some sentences to check pronunciation.
Tell the students to read the text without paying attention to the gaps & say what change happened in Dave's life. Give out the HO. Get some feedback from the students. Students work in pairs to complete the text. Take w/b FB and see if all the students agree. Clarify any necessary points.
Tell students to look at the time expressions & decide which ones we use with "for" and which with "since" Students work in small groups and choose which expressions go with "for" and which ones go with "since" & stick them on the walls. Group check the answers. Give out the answer key for the students to confirm. Clarify any necessary points.
Show students ex 3 and tell them to find the mistakes. Do the first one with the students as an example. Students work in pairs to find the mistakes. Check the answers with the whole class & elicit that verbs such as "understand", " know" and "be" are stative verbs and can't be used in the continuous.
Tell the students that they will play a game. Put students into groups of 3 or 4. Get the students to take the time expressions (from the previous stage) off the walls and arrange them face up in a circle on the desk. Demonstrate the game. Students take turns throwing the dice and moving clockwise around the circle of time expressions according to the number they threw. Students make sentences using the time expression they landed on about their own life.In case they land on the same card for a second time they should ask a question using that time expression. The game continues until everyone has said a sentence.
Read the errors noted on the w/b & ask the students to correct them.