Sebnem Usluər Sebnem Usluər

demo lesson
intermediate level


This language focus lesson is designed to demonstrate the use of Present Perfect Simple and Continuous tenses and the difference between them through guided discovery based on a text about charity work. The lesson starts with an introduction of some vocabulary, and with a discussion about charity work. This is followed by reading the text where Ss read and find the uses of perfect tenses in the text. After reading the text, there is some controlled grammar practice which emphasizes the use of and difference between the two tenses. If time is enough, the Ss will be given a speaking task about social issues in which they are supposed to use Present Perfect tenses.


Abc reading text
Abc gap-fill
Abc vocabulary.1
Abc speaking task
Abc vocabulary.2

Main Aims

  • To provide review and practice of Present Perfect Simple and Continuous, to demonstrate the difference between them through reading a text.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide new vocabulary about social issues with a detailed reading task.


warmer (2-3 minutes) • to set the context - charities

1- T will project some images of charities such as UNICEF, Amnesty International etc. and T will elicit the vocabulary "charity" 2- T will ask questions and elicit some answers from SS - What is a charity? Charity is a ​system of giving ​money, ​food, or ​help ​free to those who are in need because they are ​ill, ​poor, or have no ​home, or any ​organization that has the ​purpose of ​providing ​money or ​helping in this way. - What kind of things do people do for charity? do a sponsored walk, give money to people collecting in the street, give used clothes to a charity shop, organise an event to raise funds, work as a volunteer - Have you ever given money to people collecting in the street? - Have you ever given your old clothes to a charity? - Have you ever worked as a volunteer in a charity?

pre-reading - vocabulary set 1 (2-3 minutes) • to introduce necessary vocabulary

1- T will project some necessary vocabulary: vulnerable / to raise money / to fund / fundraising campaign / to donate / donation / telethon 2- T will elicit answers and introduce this set of vocabulary

reading for details (4-5 minutes) • to read and comprehend the text

1- T will project some pictures of Comic Relief - What are these people doing with "red noses"? Why are they wearing red noses? 2- T will ask 3 questions in order to make Ss read the text for gist: 1- What is Comic Relief? 2- Who participates in Comic Relief events? 3- What happens on Red Nose Day? 4- How often does it happen? 5- Which of the activities described in the second article involve? 3- Ss will be given 1-2 min.s to read the text. 4- Answers to be elicited: 1- It's a charity that helps people all over the world. 2- Ordinary people and celebrities participate in CM events. 3- People do silly things to raise money and there is a telethon on the BBC. 4- every two years. 5- a- wearing pyjamas to work, sitting in a bath of jelly, wearing red noses 5- b- a sponsored silence 5- c- a 24 hour marathon

post reading - vocabulary set.2 (4-5 minutes) • to make the Ss understand the meanings of new words

- T will ask Ss to check the words in bold and ask Ss to guess the meanings of the highlighted words hooting: n. (a car) making a loud noise corridors: n. pl. long narrow passages between two rows of rooms unaccustomed: adj. unusual marathon: n. an event lasting a long time that needs energy/determination worn out: adj. very tired donations: money that people give (e.g. to a charity) to help others

intro to Grammar (2-3 minutes) • to introduce Grammar via the text

- T will ask Ss to check the verbs of the reading text and elicit the forms of tenses 1- Which form focuses on the completion of the activity? 2- Which form focuses on the duration or repetition of the activity? - T will demonstrate the differences of Simple and Continuous perfect tenses through explaining the example sentences from the text

controlled grammar practice (5-6 minutes) • to make the Ss understand and practice the target language

- Ss will be given 2 min.s to fill the gaps in practice 3a - Later, Ss will be asked to match the rules with the sentences in 3a - T will draw a timeline in order to make everything clear - T will remind Ss about state verbs

practice on target language (5-6 minutes) • to make Ss use and understand the target language

gap-fill no:5 - T will elicit the meaning of "fairtrade" - T will give Ss a gap-fill task about fairtrade in order to make Ss understand the target language (2 min.s the gap-fill - no.5 on p.21) - T will monitor the Ss - T and Ss will check the answers and T will explain the uses of present perfect tenses (if necessary) gap-fill no.6: - Ss will be asked questions to introduce the question form of perfect tenses - Ss will be given 1-2 min.s to fill the gaps - Answers will be elicited from Ss

extra material on grammar focus (3-4 minutes) • to elaborate the differences between the present perfect simple and continuous

- T will hand a grammar sheet from Raymond Murphy's book - English in Use, Unit 10 - Ss will be asked the differences between the tenses through the examples given in the unit

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