Nisha Nisha

Use of gerunds and infinitive verbs
Intermediate level


In this lesson, students will learn the general rules for using gerunds and infinitives.


Abc Blue tack
Abc Board cards
Abc Board Markers
Abc Hand written sentence cards
Abc Whiteboard

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification and practice of gerunds and infinitive verb form in the context of daily conversations

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide fluency speaking practice in a conversation using gerunds and infinitives


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Nominate ss to answer two questions: What do you like to do on weekends? to sleep/sleeping, to shop/ shopping, to go out/ going out etc. Classify Ss' answers into 2 sections on the board. to ______ __________ ing

Test #1 (10-12 minutes) • To gauge students' prior knowledge of the target language

Introduce Exercise 1-part A as a personality test game for the best suited job for ss. Ask students to complete the exercise individually. Read each sentence and tick the sentences that they strongly agree with. Now pair ss. Ask them to read their answers to each other and explain why they have chosen certain statements. Correct mistakes in the exercise by getting students to use both forms in the same sentence and asking them which one sounds right. Now instruct ss to look at part B and read the instructions. Read the answer paragraph where they have most ticks. That is the job they are most suited for. If they have equal ticks in more than one section, they have to read both sections. Again write some of the answers on the board.

Teach (6-10 minutes) • To clarify areas of the target language where students had difficulty in the first test stage

Refer to the board and ask ss how they decided on the 'to' form for some and the' ing' form for the others. Introduce the general rules for using gerunds and the infinitive verb forms.

Test #2 (6-8 minutes) • Check students' use of the target language again and compare with the first test

Introduce Exercise 2: Ss to complete exercise in pairs. Check in closed groups. Elicit answers as an open group. Corrections based on what they think sounds right.

Free practice (10-15 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Introduce the word game. Group ss in 3s or 4s. Give a word to the ss. They have to form a sentence using that word using the gerund or the infinitive form of verbs. Demonstrate: Word: love Example: My friend loves baking. Give 3 or 4 words to each group. Elicit answers and give points.(10 for correct sentence) Words: want, need, hope, expect, intend, plan, continued, began : enjoy, hate, love, finish, stop : can't afford, would like, decide, give up, learn : begin, continue, prefer, start Feedback and corrections as an open group

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