Maryam Hameed Maryam Hameed

Modal Verbs
Intermediate level


In this lesson, students will practice their listening and speaking skills to learn about the use of modal verbs.


Abc Answer key
Abc Blu tack
Abc Markers
Abc Whiteboard
Abc A4 Paper
Abc Computer
Abc Projector

Main Aims

  • SS will have practiced must, have to, and should in the context of using mobile phones.

Subsidiary Aims

  • Semi-controlled and free speaking. Listening for specific information and detail.


Warmer/Lead-in (5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

T will show the class her mobile phone and ask SS what it is. - is it something good or bad? - does it cause problems sometimes? - most of us cannot live without it! SS will ask T questions from Ex c about her phone which will be projected on the board. SS will then be put in pairs and they will ask each other the questions about their own phones.

Exposure (10 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

A) T will project the picture from page 37 on the board, with the following questions: 1. What's the man doing? Does it annoy you when people do that? 2. Does this happen a lot in your country? 3. What other things do people do with mobile phones that annoy you? SS will look at the picture and discuss their answers in pairs. Include and ICQ here. B) T will distribute the HO with the listening task in Ex b. Clear instructions and ICQs. 1. SS will listen to 5 people talking about things that annoy them about mobiles. They will need to match the speakers to ideas that are written below. 2. Explain that each speaker is assigned a number and they will write the number in the box beside each phrase that describes what they were saying. (i.e. Speaker #1, Speaker #2, etc.) 3. SS can check together before listening again. If a second round of listening is not needed we will continue.

Highlighting (5 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

A) Introduce Modal Verbs: Should, Shouldn't, Have to, Mustn't, Don't have to. 1. T will explain the meanings of these words and their pronunciation difficulties. B) Ex c: SS will match the sentences from the dialogues with their meaning. 1. They will write the letters A-E in the boxes beside the sentences. This will be done individually first and then in pairs (use ICQ here).

Clarification (10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

A) T will write the form of a modal verb sentence on the interactive whiteboard. Subject + Modal Verb + base form (bare infinitive) Examples: 1. Hakim mustn't use his phone in class. CCQs: - Is this an order? - What will happen if Hakim uses his phone in class? 2. You don't have to eat lunch with us. (Let's assume we are talking to Marwa) CCQs: - Can she eat lunch with us? - Is anyone stopping her from eating with us? 3. We have to do an exam in June. CCQs: - Is there an exam in June? - What will happen is we don't do it? 4. Ali should clean his room. CCQs: - Is Ali's room dirty? - Is it better if he cleans it?

Controlled Practice (10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

"Manners or the Law?" T will divide the class into 2-3 groups (depending on the number of students), and ask each group to make 2 posters each : 1 for manners and 1 for laws (using the phrases given on the worksheet). For manners: You should/shouldn't For laws: You have to/mustn't Use ICQ here.

Free Practice (5 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Early Finishing Task: Free Speaking Activity What other annoying habits do people have? SS use the modal verbs we just learned to incorporate them in their answers.

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