Erfan Erfan

Modal verb structures lesson
Intermediate level


Abc The text
Abc Answer key 1
Abc Gap-fill handout

Main Aims

  • By the end of this lesson students will be able to indentify some of the modals in a context of time and working from home.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide students with a chance to speak about obligation, permission and necessity


Warm up (4-6 minutes) • Setting the context

I will tell students about myself staying in Istanbul for a month and let them know that I am staying in a hotel. Then I will talk about the advantages and disadvantages of staying in a hotel. After trying to elicit some items I will put 2 or 3 of my sentences on the board with the modal verbs underlined in them. CCQs: Is it possible not to pay when staying in a hotel? –No Can I clean the room myself? –Yes Does someone else clean the room if I don’t? –Yes Is it ok if I don't take my towel with me? –Yes Is it better if I take my towel with me? –Yes Do they let me take my dog to the hotel? -No

Grammar (2-3 minutes) • To help students understand the difference between "must" and "should"

I will try to elicit some of the answers to exercise 1 by asking about the difference between 'must' and 'should'. Then I will put the exercise on the board and ask the students to fill in the gaps with 'must' and 'should'.

Pre-reading (3-4 minutes) • to reinforce the difference between "must" and "should"

I will ask students to think about the things they need to do this month and write down some sentences using 'must' and ' should'. They then will share their ideas in groups. (ICQs)

Reading (8-10 minutes) • To let students indentify different modals in a text and try to understand the usages

I will try to elicit some of the advantages and disadvantages of working from home and then ask the students to read the text and choose the correct answers. They then will check their answers in pairs when I try to monitor and write some error correction sentences on the board to talk about them after they finished. (ICQs)

Post-reading (10-12 minutes) • To let the students use modals in their speech

I will play the recording for them as an answer key and then I will put them into different groups and ask them to discuss the same subject and whether they agree or disagree with the text. I will try to elicit some feedback at the end. I might also give them the answer key at the end as a handout. (ICQs)

Reinforcement (4-5 minutes) • To reinforce the usage for the modals mentioned in the text

I will put the table in exercise 3 on the board and try to fill in the gaps with the students' help and I will ask the to do exercise 4 and check their answers in pairs. I will give the the answer key later. (ICQs)

Freer practice (7-10 minutes) • To let students produce by using what they have just learnt

Depending on time, I might ask students to form 3 different groups and write a short paragraph about a job using modals without saying what it is. They then will read their paragraph for the other groups so they will be supposed to guess the job. (Don't forget modeling) (ICQs)

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