Gulcin Gulcin

A1 level


In this lesson, the students will learn past form of verb be in positive, negative and question form through guided discovery. The lesson will start with the presentation of the grammar subject, it will be followed by controlled and less controlled practices.


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Main Aims

  • To provide clarification and practice of positive, negative and question forms of verb "be" in the past tense

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide fluency and accuracy speaking practice in a conversation


Warmer/Lead-in (2 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

T writes "Last Saturday...." on the board and wants Ss to guess what she is going to talk about.

Exposure (8 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

T shows some pictures and tells about her weekend using the past form of verb be with singular and plural pronouns. After that, she asks questions to check their understanding of the context.

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

T asks students concept checking questions such as “My weekend, Is it in the present or past? Is there an action?”. She writes on the board “I ____ at home. Mustafa and Filiz ____ there. Selin _____ there.” and elicits the form. “She asks “Do I use was/were with singulars or plurals?” To elicit the question form, T shows the pictures again and elicits the question form. She writes “____ Selin at home? Where ___ she?” on the board. Teacher drills the sentences chorally and individually.

Controlled Practice (10-12 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

Ss work in pairs and complete the sentences using positive and negative forms of verb be in the past tense. In the second exercise, Ss complete the sentences according to the table. In the third activity, they complete the sentences in the question form. After each activity, T does whole class feedback.

Semi-Controlled Practice (10-12 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

T divides the Ss into groups and gives each group pieces of paper on which time expressions are written. Ss take turns and pick a piece of paper and ask a question using "Were you...... ?" or "Where were you.....?" the person next to him/her answers the question.

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