Timothyhallam Timothyhallam

TP # 8a
Upper Intermediate level


During this lesson, Ss will learn about and practice I used to/ I didn't use to, I would to talk about regular habits that are in the past. This will be presented in the context of a short passage the T has prepared, there the grammar is presented in the context of past activities and eating habits, contrasted with one off events in the more recent past that use past tense as a contrast. Having elicited this grammar and confirming the form, there will be a controlled practice using a similar passage about food that will be given to Ss via a handout . Ss will work in pairs. There is then a more challenging exercise when Ss will look at some example projected on to the WB to see if sentences are correct or not. SS will be divided into 2 grps for this exercise. We will then do some slightly freer practice, in an ex where Ss have to write sentences based on some information given. I will monitor the Ss progress and at this point, If I'm still concerned they haven't grasped the topic, I have a further controlled practice exercise, alternatively a free practice exercise, where Ss will talk in PW about their past habits and FB to WC


Abc Photographs of some unusual food and drink I consumed in the Baltic States
Abc Presentation of Grammar in context
Abc Controlled practice activity 2
Abc Freer practice

Main Aims

  • To provide Ss clarification and practice of Used to/ would/ didn't use to for past habits or regular activities and identify these in contrast to simple past tense.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide Ss with an opportunity to see the grammar in context and to give confidence in using it in their own lives.


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

T will project two pictures of some unusual food and drink he consumed in Estonia and briefly describe them. Ss will then be invited to come to the front of the class for a mingling exercise where they will talk to their partner in pairs about an unusual or delicious food they ate and where they ate it. This is to get the Ss into the food context as much of the material today centres around food.

Exposure (12-14 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

T to give a HO to the Ss, which is a short passage about his childhood dislike of green beans and how in recent years he almost grew to like them. Ss will be asked to read the Ho individually to start and to underline Used to, didn't use to, would and did I use to. When they've done this, they will join into PW to discuss what other tense is used in the lower paragraph and why the two might be different. T will then use CCQs Did my Grandad only grow green beans once? Did I eat fruits only once? Did I dig in the garden only once? Did I not like green beans only once? As a juxtaposition, T will ask, Are these actions that were repeated? What about lower down? Are these repeated actions? Did this action take place at a specific time? Were they repeated? This will help elicit the contrast of the two tenses. T will highlight the form S+Used to + infinitive or S + Would+ infinitive Did+ S + use +to? S+ didn't+ Use to+ infinitive T to elicit further Can we use would or used to in the same way all the time? T to draw attention to 'like' and 'hate' in the passage. Are like and hate actions that are repetitive? No...They are stative. We can only use used to with stative verbs!

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

T will give a HO to Ss for PW. This is a gap fill activity and when Ss have finished, T will project the HO on to the WB and elicit the answers from Ss clarifying where necessary. HO to be projected so Ss are clear on any areas of error correction.

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

T will project 9 sample sentences and divide Ss into 2 teams. (More if there are over 8 attendees) . Teams need to discuss their answers and then mark in different colours whether they agree or not if it's the correct sentence. T to award points based on the correct answers each team has and clarify reasons. Eg, we don't use would or used to for a specific time.

Semi-Controlled Practice/ freer practice (7-8 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

This exercise will depend on my class observation. If I feel that Ss are still having problems in grasping to target grammar, I will distribute a further handout in class, which is to be done as PW, and involves forming sentences and deciding whether target grammar is applicable or whether past tense is applicable. Alternatively, I will ask SS to talk in pairs about what they used to do when they were a child. They should think about regular activities, T to model some answers. Instructions for the task to be written on the WB. In the unlikely event that class is finished early, I have a further gap fill exercise which can be done as PW.

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