TP # 8a
Upper Intermediate level
To provide Ss clarification and practice of Used to/ would/ didn't use to for past habits or regular activities and identify these in contrast to simple past tense.
To provide Ss with an opportunity to see the grammar in context and to give confidence in using it in their own lives.
Procedure (38-47 minutes)
T will project two pictures of some unusual food and drink he consumed in Estonia and briefly describe them. Ss will then be invited to come to the front of the class for a mingling exercise where they will talk to their partner in pairs about an unusual or delicious food they ate and where they ate it. This is to get the Ss into the food context as much of the material today centres around food.
T to give a HO to the Ss, which is a short passage about his childhood dislike of green beans and how in recent years he almost grew to like them. Ss will be asked to read the Ho individually to start and to underline Used to, didn't use to, would and did I use to. When they've done this, they will join into PW to discuss what other tense is used in the lower paragraph and why the two might be different. T will then use CCQs Did my Grandad only grow green beans once? Did I eat fruits only once? Did I dig in the garden only once? Did I not like green beans only once? As a juxtaposition, T will ask, Are these actions that were repeated? What about lower down? Are these repeated actions? Did this action take place at a specific time? Were they repeated? This will help elicit the contrast of the two tenses. T will highlight the form S+Used to + infinitive or S + Would+ infinitive Did+ S + use +to? S+ didn't+ Use to+ infinitive T to elicit further Can we use would or used to in the same way all the time? T to draw attention to 'like' and 'hate' in the passage. Are like and hate actions that are repetitive? No...They are stative. We can only use used to with stative verbs!
T will give a HO to Ss for PW. This is a gap fill activity and when Ss have finished, T will project the HO on to the WB and elicit the answers from Ss clarifying where necessary. HO to be projected so Ss are clear on any areas of error correction.
T will project 9 sample sentences and divide Ss into 2 teams. (More if there are over 8 attendees) . Teams need to discuss their answers and then mark in different colours whether they agree or not if it's the correct sentence. T to award points based on the correct answers each team has and clarify reasons. Eg, we don't use would or used to for a specific time.
This exercise will depend on my class observation. If I feel that Ss are still having problems in grasping to target grammar, I will distribute a further handout in class, which is to be done as PW, and involves forming sentences and deciding whether target grammar is applicable or whether past tense is applicable. Alternatively, I will ask SS to talk in pairs about what they used to do when they were a child. They should think about regular activities, T to model some answers. Instructions for the task to be written on the WB. In the unlikely event that class is finished early, I have a further gap fill exercise which can be done as PW.