Upper Intermediate level
To provide Ss with an opportunity to develop gist and detailed listening skills.
To provide Ss with an opportunity to develop their fluency through freer PW and WC discussion.
Procedure (36-46 minutes)
To begin the class T will say good morning in a very drolI, monotonous tone and then in a more passionate tone. I have selected a 2 minute video of a famous BBC interview between Jeremy Paxman and Michael Howard, during which the interviewer, Jeremy Paxman asks a Politician, Mr Howard, a question 12 times, which is a yes or no question. This question is not answered. During this exercise, I will set some gist questions prior to showing the video... How many times does the interviewer ask the same question? What are the possible answers to that question? Does the politician answer the question? I will discuss these questions after the video. The purpose of this video is to lead into the subject of rhetoric.
At this point I will cover some of the key vocabulary to enable better understanding on the listening text. The main word is rhetoric, which I will have mentioned during the warmer exercise. I will use CCQ's to elicit meaning and model and drill the pronunciation, as due to the spelling, some ss might be a bit confused. The second word I want to explore for today is contrast. As this is often mixed up with the meaning of compare, I will elicit that rather than compare being the process of looking at similarities between things, contrast focuses on the difference. As a CCQ, I will elicit a comparison and a contrast between 2 items in the classroom, for example 2 different coloured board markers. I want to explore the concept of 'moving' as an emotion, rather than physically moving an object, as this word comes up in the first transcript we'll listen to, as well as 'claptrap,' which is an old fashioned slang word for nonsense but also a buzz word in speech making. I'll not dwell too much on the buzz word meaning, as this will form part of the gist listening task of the following exercise.
I will hand out gist listening questions with regard to the first part of the speech about rhetoric. Students will listen...I am aiming for once, but I will monitor reaction and if there are significant numbers of people struggling, I will play a second time. Ss will be asked to consider the answers to the questions while listening and then discuss their answers as PW. T to discuss the answers with WC.
T will ask the class to listen to the 2nd part of the speech about rhetoric and prior to the listening, will ask Ss to identify the 3 main rhetorical techniques and what they are. Again following the listening exercise. Ss will work in pairs. T to briefly consolidate these by writing them on the WB and will then ask Ss to turn back to the speeches that Rena covered by famous people and Ss to allocate each technique to the appropriate speech. T to consolidate and elicit answers if necessary.
T to give Ss random big words from a random big word generator at http://www.wordgenerator.net/random-word-generator.php The aim of this brief exercise is to have a bit of fun practicing the rhetorical techniques we've covered, and even to use different ones. The word generator generates words not often used in every day English and so will also expose Ss to different words. However the aim of this is to effectively lie about the word using the rhetorical techniques covered. So for example, if I have the word 'Ignoscible' which actually means pardonable (not important for this exercise) I have to make a 1 minute speech using one or more of the techniques we looked at during the lesson. So I might start, 'Ask not what ignoscible can do for you, but what you can do for Ignoscible...' The aim of this exercise is to have a bit of fun with some of the techniques we've looked at. As an additional activity, as per my anticipated problems, if time allows, we will discuss some statements about public speaking in PW ie Speaking in public is very difficult, Good speakers manipulate their audiences with rhetorical techniques, People should learn how to speak in public...Ss will have a chart ranging from strongly agree to strongly disagree and will discuss in PW