Arzu Topal Arzu Topal

Wh- questions and the created capital
Elementary level


Abc Gap-fill handout
Abc Grammar, speaking exercises and reading task
Abc Reading for Detail exercise
Abc Lead-in activity
Abc Grammar practice Exercise
Abc Semi controlled speaking ex

Main Aims

  • To enable students' to practice their reading skills for gist and detail in the context of cities.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To enable students' to review and practice Wh- question words.


Lead-in (2-3 minutes) • To help introduce the topic of capital cities to the students'

Students will be given a list of 10 well known capital cities of the world, the papers will be faced down, students' will be paired up and asked to right down the countries each city belongs to, the first pair to finish puts up there hand, the teacher comes and checks their answers, if they're are correct they win. WC feedback.

Pre-Reading (3 minutes) • To pre-teach the words in bold from the reading text

Students will be given a short fill-in the gaps handout to be completed in pairs, time limit will be 1min. While they are working the teacher will write the same sentences on the board. Once complete, students will be selected to give their answers, these will be placed into the gaps. The correct answers will be elicited from the class. the new words will be drilled individually and chorally, possibly the sentences also.

Skim Reading (3-4 minutes) • To help students skim reading skills

Write the following questions on the board 1. What is a created capital? 2. What is the name of the city? 3. What country is it in? Explain to students' that we will do a short reading task. Hand out the text, "The created Capital", and ask students to keep it face down. Tell them they have 1 minute to find the answers to the questions. Make sure to give them a clear start/stop signal. Get students to check their answers in pairs before doing WC feedback.

Reading for detail (7-10 minutes) • To help students reading skills in the area of reading for detail

Students will complete Q3 on pg 20 as a detailed reading task. They will work individually then compare there answers in pairs. WC feedback will follow that. If the task above is too simple for the students we can then ask them to write down three true or 3 false sentences about cities in their country. E.g. Istanbul is a megacity. T Students will then be asked to share there sentences with the class.

Grammar (7-10 minutes) • To review and practice wh- question words

Inform students that we will go over wh- question words. Ask students to refer to the grammar box on pg 21. Get one student to read the first sentence, then you come up with an example, e.g what is your surname?, then ask a few students, one at a time, to come up with a 'what' question. Repeat this process for the rest of the sentences. E.g. Where is my pen? How old is this building? Why are you late to class? When did buy that bag?

Grammar Practice Exercise (4-6 minutes) • To practice using the Wh- question words

Ask students to complete Q1 on pg 21. Pier check then share answers as WC.

Semi-controlled speaking (6-7 minutes) • To enable students' to practice their speaking and reading skills in in the context of cities

Pair students up and group them A and B. Hand out the reading texts, pg 126 for A and pg128 for B. Directions: 1. Ask students' to read their text, 1min 2. Then each student asks their partner the questions from Ex1, they both go through and answer all 5 questions(according to the their text) 3. Ask the whole class which of the three created capitals they would most like to visit.

Grammar Practice Exercise 2 (3-5 minutes) • To help students practice the use of wh- question words

Hand out pg 139(student book) and ask students to work in pairs to complete ex 4. WC feedback on completion.

Freer Practice (5-8 minutes) • To allow students to use freer practice

Ask students' to refer to q1 and 2 on pg 21, they will work on q1 individually , then work in groups of three for q2 and compare their lists. Write these phrases on the board to help students' build their sentences What's important for you? I think ______ is very important. Me too. OR Really? It's not very important for me. WC feedback.

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