Present Perfect Travel Lesson
To provide clarification, review and practice of the present perfect simple for experience in contrast with the past simple through the context of world travel
To provide fluency speaking practice in a interview in the context of world travel
Procedure (32-51 minutes)
Re-introduce self. Refer briefly back to the reading from the previous lesson. Ask the Ss to tell me about the man and his travels. Try to elicit one Simple Past sentence, e.g. He went to South America and put this on the w/b. Ask the students what tense this is.
Tell Ss to work together in pairs to find examples of Past Simple in the text and underline them, and circle examples of the Present Perfect Simple.
Project the reading on the whiteboard and elicit examples of the Past Simple and Present Perfect Simple. Briefly underline and circle examples as they are read by the Ss. Turn off the projector.
Write one of the Present Perfect Simple examples elicited by students on the w/b. Ask the Ss the questions in exercise 1: Which verb form do you use when the time is known? Which verb form do you use when the time is not stated? Analyze the form on the board. Elicit parts of the sentence and underline them in another color - subject + auxiliary verb have/has + past participle (V3).
Give students HO1 to complete individually.
Have Ss check HO1 in pairs.
Elicit answers from Ss.
Put the word "ago" on the w/b and ask Ss if they normally use it with Past Simple or the Present Perfect. Put the Ss in small groups and give them cut-up time expressions, HO2. Get them to match them with the appropriate verb forms and stick them under the appropriate headings on the wall.
Have students check each other's answers then give them an answer key, HO3, so they have a written record.
Give the Ss exercise 2, HO4, to complete in pairs. Ss work together to choose the correct answers. Give Ss the answer keys, HO5, to check their answers. Deal with any questions necessary in a w/c FB.
Ss work together in pairs to fill in the gaps choosing between Simple Past and Present Perfect Simple, HO 6. Post the answer keys on the walls while Ss complete the activity. Get Ss to check their answers against the answer keys posted, HO 7.
Tell Ss that they will interview three other Ss in the class that they have not talked to using the questions from HO6. Tell them to make short notes of their answers. Ss stand up and move around, asking and answering questions. Ss go back to their tables and compare their answers with others near them and try to find some common points between Ss in the group.
Ss report some of their findings to the whole group. Time permitting, point out some good language and elicit corrections and reformulations of language used during the freer practice activity.