Latasha Wilson Latasha Wilson

Life Lessons
Upper Intermediate level


In this lesson students will focus on learning metaphors through discussion of life lessons.


Main Aims

  • To provide practice of metaphors in the context of life planning .

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide fluency speaking practice in a discussion in the context of metaphors and life planning.


Warmer/Lead-in (5-7 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Advice sharing activity: Think of a skill or behavior you want to learn or improve. Make it as specific as possible. Tell as many classmates as you can what it is you want to learn and ask them for their ideas. Listen, thank them, and write them down on the handout. I will give you five minutes to walk around the room and give your ideas. Be creative! Be helpful! Be funny!

Vocabulary check/introduction activity (8-10 minutes) • To ensure students' are familiar with the target language or introduce it to them

Part 1: Distribute cut-out words of the target vocabulary to pairs or small groups (depending on number of students). Ask them to determine the definition-- or at least come up with associated words-- in English. When would you use it? Share these with the class. Now, switch partners and think about another time this word could be used. Take a guess about another way someone could use it. Discuss with partner and share.

Teach metaphors, apply new vocabulary (8-12 minutes) • To clarify areas of the target language where students had difficulty in the first test stage

Now discuss what students came up with in their various pairs. Then discuss the concept of metaphors. A metaphor is when a word or phrase is applied to an object or action which is not literally applicable, but is used to compare the words, but not using ~'like' or 'as'. Give examples. Then, after giving instructions, put them in different pairs, handout the worksheet and have them complete activity 3 using the words they discussed with their partners. They will insert these words into the text. In order to check we will listen to the dialogue from the recording. Keep track of those they missed. Why did they miss them? Why is the correct answer correct?

Semi-Controlled Speaking Practice (8-10 minutes) • To allow students to speak about the exercise they completed and practice their discussion skills.

First have students write two more conversational questions based on the text. Now have students, in pairs, discuss two of the questions from exercise 5 with their partner (assign these). Do you agree or disagree? Why? Be sure to use some of the new vocabulary!

Controlled Language Task (Optional) (8-10 minutes) • Further practice of the target language

Distribute Life is a Journey worksheet. Have students, in pairs, choose the correct word to complete each metaphor. Check these answers and discuss as a class. *If time runs out, assign this as optional homework. We can check answers on Friday.

Free Practice (option, time permitting) (4-6 minutes) • To check students understanding of the lesson and provide chance for freer speaking practice

Now ask students to come up with their own metaphors. Perhaps they know some in Turkish that might translate to English. Give them a few minutes and have them share with the class. They can use the previous worksheet as an example.

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