Upper Intermediate level
To provide practice of metaphors in the context of life planning .
To provide fluency speaking practice in a discussion in the context of metaphors and life planning.
Procedure (41-55 minutes)
Advice sharing activity: Think of a skill or behavior you want to learn or improve. Make it as specific as possible. Tell as many classmates as you can what it is you want to learn and ask them for their ideas. Listen, thank them, and write them down on the handout. I will give you five minutes to walk around the room and give your ideas. Be creative! Be helpful! Be funny!
Part 1: Distribute cut-out words of the target vocabulary to pairs or small groups (depending on number of students). Ask them to determine the definition-- or at least come up with associated words-- in English. When would you use it? Share these with the class. Now, switch partners and think about another time this word could be used. Take a guess about another way someone could use it. Discuss with partner and share.
Now discuss what students came up with in their various pairs. Then discuss the concept of metaphors. A metaphor is when a word or phrase is applied to an object or action which is not literally applicable, but is used to compare the words, but not using ~'like' or 'as'. Give examples. Then, after giving instructions, put them in different pairs, handout the worksheet and have them complete activity 3 using the words they discussed with their partners. They will insert these words into the text. In order to check we will listen to the dialogue from the recording. Keep track of those they missed. Why did they miss them? Why is the correct answer correct?
First have students write two more conversational questions based on the text. Now have students, in pairs, discuss two of the questions from exercise 5 with their partner (assign these). Do you agree or disagree? Why? Be sure to use some of the new vocabulary!
Distribute Life is a Journey worksheet. Have students, in pairs, choose the correct word to complete each metaphor. Check these answers and discuss as a class. *If time runs out, assign this as optional homework. We can check answers on Friday.
Now ask students to come up with their own metaphors. Perhaps they know some in Turkish that might translate to English. Give them a few minutes and have them share with the class. They can use the previous worksheet as an example.