Merlin Mladenova Merlin Mladenova

TP 4
Intermediate level


In this lesson student will learn to distinguish between must / should / have to. The lesson will start with a lead-in where students should create some class rules "Students must listen to their teacher". Then we will move on to the grammar presenting part.


No materials added to this plan yet.

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification, review and practice of Modal verbs used to talk about obligation in the context of Classroom

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide practice of modal verbs used to talk about obligation.


Lead-in (10-12 minutes) • To elicit TL and make clarification

Write model sentences on WB. Ask students to read them. I must arrive on time for the job interview. I mustn't be late. CCQs Meaning: Is it something you need to do? Yes. Is it very important? Yes. Is it an obligation? Yes. Do you have a choice? No. Is something bad going to happen if you do not do it? Yes. (I might not get the job) You should go to bed earlier. You shouldn't stay up so late. Is it a good idea? Yes. Is it an obligation? No. Does he have a choice? Yes. He has to take a test. You don't have to take your shoes off in my house. Do you need to take your shoes off when you come to my house? No. Can you take them off if you want to? Yes. Is there a problem if you don't take them off? No, it all depends on you. They can wait in here, but they can't leave early.

Table completion (2-3 minutes) • Summarize the rules

Exercise 1 on p.51.

Controlled practice ex.2 (8-10 minutes) • To decide where it is correct to use the learnt structures

Introduction speech about working from home. Ask students to discuss advantages and disadvantages of working from home. Feedback. Spread HO's where Dan O'Brien talks about the advantages and disadvantages of working from home. Tell students to underline the correct form in each sentence. Feedback - Listening. Ask whether some of their ideas were in the text.

Complete the table (3-4 minutes) • Check whether students have understood in which ocassions are the modal verbs used

Make a table on the WB with 4 graphs. A.It's necessary | B. It's not necessary| C. It's permitted| D: It's not permitted have to don't have to can can't must mustn't

Semi-controlled practice (6-8 minutes) • To check whether students can decide which structure to use without being given any options

Spread HO's. Give them 5 minutes to work on the exercise. Then check with partner. Then WCFB and every student chooses who is next.

Give suggestions (5-7 minutes) • Freer Speaking Activity

Give each student a paper with a letter. Ask them to find the person with the same letter and to read out their situations. They try to come up with as many suggestion as possible for each situation.

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