James Bocock James Bocock

Assessed TP 6
Upper Intermediate level


In this lesson, students will review and practice the present perfect and present perfect continuous tenses in a test-teach-test model in the context of the ocean. The students will begin with a quick review of present perfect and present perfect continuous.


Abc Pre-Test
Abc Free Practice HO
Abc Amazing Ocean Facts Text
Abc Test 2

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification and review of the present perfect and present perfect continuous tenses in the context of facts about the ocean.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide clarification of language used for speaking about events and conditions completed in the past and relevant to the present and conditions starting in the past continuing to the present in the context of speaking about the oceans.


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

1. Review with the students some of the facts they have learned over the past two lessons. 2. Write on the WB "How many times did you go to the ocean in your life?" Ask the students if this sounds normal. Ask them to quickly do PW to discuss the question. Elicit from them when this question would be normal (it's normal if it's being asked to a dead person). Draw a timeline to demonstrate it. 3. Write on the WB "Over 20 years and continuing to the present the ocean rose a few centimeters." Ask the students to discuss in PW if this is correct. Elicit the correct sentence. Draw a timeline for this.

Test #1 (9-11 minutes) • To gauge students' prior knowledge of the target language

1. Hold up Test 1. Tell them it is multiple choice and that there is a personal response at the end. Distribute the HO. Give the students 7 minutes to do this. 2. Walk behind the desks to see what students are writing. Take note of what needs to be corrected and improved, especially in the personal response. 3. Have students go over their answers in PW then check answers as a class.

Teach (10-14 minutes) • To clarify areas of the target language where students had difficulty in the first test stage

Check meaning 1. Draw a timeline on the board. Ask students when the action occurs for present perfect. 2. Draw a timeline on the board. Ask students when the action occurs for present perfect continuous. 3. Ask students where the emphasis is for each. Continued meaning clarification 1. Write time expressions on the WB. 2. Elicit from students which tense goes with each. Suggest to students that they write them down, because it could be beneficial to them later. 3. Ask people in the class individually for individual parts of sentences to form full sentences. Write the first one out on the WB as it is being said. Do this a few times. Check form 1. Elicit from students the form of the present perfect. 2. Elicit from students the form of the present perfect continuous. 3. Distribute to students the Amazing Ocean Facts text. Ask students to identify each present perfect and each present perfect continuous in 2 columns in the first 3 paragraphs. Have them check each other's answers in PW then go over as a class.

Test #2 (8-10 minutes) • Check students' use of the target language again and compare with the first test

1. Distribute Test 2. 2. Monitor the students as they take the test. 3. Do WCFB for the answers. 4. Ask students to share their new personal response in pairs. Ask students to share about their partners.

Free practice (9-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

1. Hold up Free Practice HO. Tell students to speak with each other about the actions on the page using the time descriptions. Tell students to do this with everyone they can and to try and use different expressions each time. Tell them to cross off each statement of activity and time after they have used them. 2. As students are doing this activity, walk around the classroom and take note of incorrect items. 3. Do delayed feedback on the board using the exact language used by the students.

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