Cristine Eleni Andriopoulos Cristine Eleni Andriopoulos

Teaching Practice 2
Upper-Intermediate level


In this lesson students will practice speaking for fluency using generalizations and exceptions. Students will listen to a few listening samples from the course book for gist and again for comprehension focus on particular phrases used for generalizing and in cases of exception.


Abc Listening Ex. 1
Abc Language Focus Activity sheet: Making Generalizations
Abc White Board

Main Aims

  • To give Ss practice in speaking for fluency and making generalizations and exceptions.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To raise Ss awareness of, and give practice in, functional words and phrases for generalizing- "in general," " by and large," etc. and making exceptions- "not counting," "apart from," etc.
  • To give Ss practice in listening for specific information and detail


Warmer Part 1 (3-5 minutes) • To introduce and get students interested in the topic: Comparing and generalizing about Modern life vs. the Past

Show the "Past Photos" to get students thinking about life in the past and ask them to complete the sentence on their sheet. When thinking of their sentence, also think of 3 examples to support their idea. (write on the board) Modern life is... than in the past. example: Modern life is more chaotic than life in the past. ~The cities are over-loaded with more and more people and less space for them all. ~There are advertisements and distractions everywhere you look. ~Its also a more dangerous place because there are more threats to be aware of. FB Write the students answers on the board.

Warmer Part 2 (5-8 minutes) • Introduce the idea of an "exception" to a statement or idea

Pair the students Ask the students to share their idea again more fully with their partner, and to work together to find at least one EXCEPTION to their idea/statement. example: Modern life is more chaotic than in the past. Except for the crowds and traffic, modern cities are designed with efficient and helpful transportation methods which run on schedule.

Listening for Specific information (3-5 minutes) • for students to listen for gist as well as specific information to determine whether the audio is in agreement to their ideas.

Tell students to listen to the audio. They will hear 3 people answers to the same activity. Students listen to check if anyone has the same idea as them. LISTENING EX. 1 AUDIO unit 1: Tracks 12-13-14 IN PAIRS PW- talk to your partner about what each of the 3 speakers said and decide if any of them are similar to your answers. FB- Ask the students about their results.

Listening for Detail (5-8 minutes) • Check the students' listening for detail

PW- In Pairs, ask the students to complete the T/F questions on the T/F worksheet. First they discuss and answer from memory. Distribute the Listening Worksheet (T/F) Prepare the students to listen to the audio for a second time to check their answers. FB with the Whole Class the answers.

Language Focus (10-12 minutes) • For students to be able to identify and become familiar with the form and function of phrases used for generalizations and exceptions

Re-Pair the students (1-2-3-4-5-6/ 1-2-3-4-5-6) Describe ACTIVITY 1 task (have the students fold their activity sheet to only display activity 1) Instruct the students to spot the words which are used to talk about making generalizations. distribute the activity sheet Work in Pairs Whole class FB -------- Work in same pairs for ACTIVITY 2 inserting the words in the box into the sentences to create the phrases of generalization FB Pairs check their answers with another pair FB whole class WRITE PHRASES ON THE BOARD NOTE: If needed for clarity, use my prepared examples for additional clarity. (if helpful, hand out this sheet for home reference)

Drilling (3-5 minutes) • phrase- drilling for pronunciation and natural intonation

With the phrases written on the board: In general, ...... As a rule..... By and large.... In most cases.... Choral drilling and individual drilling for pronunciation and typical intonation

Speaking (8-10 minutes) • for students to speak to each other, sharing their ideas and practice using generalizations.

Speaking task A from the course book. Ss look at the sentences in Language focus ACTIVITY 1 CHOOSE: in reference to comparing Modern Life to the past, as the students to choose one of the statements they agree or disagree strongly with. Try to make as many generalizations about this idea as you can. PREPARE the idea and some supporting generalizations about that idea. Divide the class into small groups 3-4 people In groups, Ss share their ideas with their groups. Partners in groups should try to find an exception to challenge the idea. FB, WC if there is time

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