Muhammad Jamil Muhammad Jamil

Reading Skills (Scanning focused)
Elementary level


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Main Aims

  • • At the end of the lesson students will be able to scan simple texts in the context of travelling

Subsidiary Aims

  • • to focus on unfamiliar vocabulary items in the text


Lead-In / Warmer (5 minutes) • To set the lesson context and engage students

In this section, I am going to show the students (sts.) a very short biography of Bill Gates. Just to engage and be with the class, I will ask some general questions as if they know about him. The whole process has been divided into these steps. 1. Look at the biography 2. Read the questions and note down the content words in the questions. 3. Go over the text quickly and write down the answers. 4. Ask one student to come over to the screen and point out the content words in the paragraph with his fingers. This gives visual clue in scanning. 5. Helping them know finger movement is scanning is a good technique. 6. Asking about general questions about Bill Gates emphasizing on his likeness to travel. 7. This emphasis on travel will move along as inner context in the whole session.

Exposure to Scanning / Pre-Reading Stage (15 minutes) • To tell them the basics of scanning

At this stage, the students will be exposed to some simple real life situations where they will be instructed to do scanning. The most important techniques need to learn are the use of finger to trail the specific information. Secondly using clues to get to the specific information. Ask them when we travel where do we eat our meals? Elicit answers: at restaurants. Ask them names of different foods like appetizers, snacks, drinks etc. Show them the handout 1. This is a restaurant menu. Give them instructions: 2. Ask them to match food items on the menu with the prices they have. This will give them a quick practice in scanning. 3. Move around while they are doing the activity. 4. Give the feedback. The Second activity is a bit challenging. 1. Show them the handout and tell that they are going to read and mark statements true or false. 2. Give instructions clearly and in brief. Model the instruction and check if they are understood. 3. The statements in the activity will give them a chance to gloss over quickly. Show then that they can use fingers to scan quickly. Focusing on the content words is also a tip. 4. Go around and check. 5. Feed back on the board.

Active Scanning / While- Reading Stage (20 minutes) • to practice scanning based on the rules learned in the previous stage

This stage is to practice the scanning strategy learned at the previous stage. Reflect back at the lead-in when they talked about Bill Gates. Give them some new information about Bill Gates. Their focus is not on the topic. Tell them he likes to travels a lot. Revise quickly the strategy of moving finger and noticing the content words. Show them the handout and tell them that this is a short biography of Bill Gates. This activity has been divided into three tasks. Task 1: Show them that some dates and number are missing. Read and fill in the numbers. This will help them scan the numbers and dates. 2.Tell them focus on the content words. 3. Give clear instructions and check for understanding. 4. Feedback peer checking. Task 2. is fill in the missing information other than numbers and dates. 1. Give clear instructions. Model them. Check for understanding. 2. They will work in pair. 3. Go around and check if they need help 4. Feedback by the teacher. Task 3. This is challenging. They have to scan through and find out specific answers to questions. This logically comes at this level. 1.Give them instructions. 2. Check if instructions are understood. 3. Make them sit in group of two having three students each. 4. Demonstrate that content words are important in finding answers.. 5. Check for the feedback. 6. Show the answers.

Testing Scanning / Post-Reading Stage (10 minutes) • To practice free scanning in real life situation

At this stage the students are able to practice free scanning. The context of travel is lingering in between. This time give them a flight schedule and tell that there are flights. Indicate clearly the flight number, the cities the flights are departing to, timings, gate no. and the flight status. There is a lot to scan. 1. Show the handout and explain what they are going to do. 2. Give clear instructions: You are going to answer the question..... 3. Give them a sample answer on the screen, so that they understand how to do it. 4. Make them sit in pairs 5. Move around and check if they need any help. 6. Give the feed back.

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