Demo - Upper Intermediate
Upper Intermediate - B2 level
To give Ss practice in the integrated skills of intensive reading for detail and listening for gist, specific information and detail in the context of the power of words and the use of rhetoric in speech writing.
To raise Ss' awareness of some rhetorical devices used in speech-writing, including contrast, problem/puzzle-solution patterns, and lists of three. To encourage Ss to notice the effect of these devices on spoken language and to become more critically aware of the way we can use language to convey our message or influence people. To give Ss the opportunity to practise speaking for fluency.
Procedure (58-68 minutes)
Show Ss pictures of JFK and Nelson Mandela. Elicit who they are. Ss work in pairs and discuss what they have in common. Take some general FB - aim to elicit "making speeches"
Ss find a new partner by matching half a quote. Ss work with new partners to match the remaining quotes. Early finishers check with other groups. Ss listen to recordings 2.01-2.08 to check their answers. If needed focus on unknown vocabulary. Take 5 or 6 items to the w/b. Where possible Ss peer-teach. If not, help with meanings, examples and CCQs.
Give Ss some background to the listening (see Listening & Speaking ex 1). Tell them they will listen to find out what rhetoric is and how it relates to the quotes we looked at. Focus Ss on questions in ex 2. Give them a minute to read them through. Check Ss know what they are listening for and to take notes if they want. Ss listen and answer the qus in ex 2. Ss compare answers in pairs/small groups Take w/c FB - deal with any issues. If necessary Ss can listen to the whole or parts again.
Ask Ss to look at the quotes again and see if they can recognise any patterns that could be rhetorical ("claptrap") devices. Ss discuss the features of the quotes in pairs w/c FB - put some ideas on the w/b Ss listen to recording 2.10 to identify the three main techniques. Ss peer-check w/c FB
Ss work in pairs to look at the quotations again and notice the rhetorical devices. w/c FB. Reflect on whether the people introduced at the beginning of the lesson were really such powerful/influential politicians or if they just had good speech writers. If time, Ss discuss the questions in ex 5 in small groups Monitor from a distance. w/c FB - share interesting ideas.