Drew Bassett Drew Bassett

Pre-intermediate level


In this lesson, students will learn about grammar points and practice of question forms with auxiliary verbs with past and present forms and with modal verbs can and will in the context of old friends. The book being used is Straightforward, MacMillan, SB p. 9 - Grammar: questions with auxiliary verbs.


Main Aims

  • To provide clarification, review and practice of question forms with auxiliary verbs with past and present forms and with modal verbs can and will in the context of old friends.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To give practice in reading for detail and speaking for accuracy and fluency


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

In this warm-up, I will open the lesson by asking students the following prompt questions to elicit responses based on the target language for this lesson: *Do you think friendship is important? Why/ Why not? *Do you have a close friend? *How long have you known him/her? *Where does he/she live?

Test #1 (10-12 minutes) • To gauge students' prior knowledge of the target language

In this stage, I will check to see where the students' abilities are in relation to this specific grammar point. I will give the students 10 minutes to complete a fill-in-the-blank exercise in pairs by using auxiliary verbs from the box to complete the questions. This will allow me to understand the strengths and weaknesses of the students.

Teach (10-12 minutes) • To clarify areas of the target language where students had difficulty in the first test stage

At this point in the lesson, I will go over the grammar rules of past and present simple. We make questions in these tenses using an auxiliary verb (do/does/did) and the infinitive. The order is as follows: question word - auxiliary verb - subject - infinitive. I will also distinguish the difference between other verb forms as well (present continuous - can, will) in which we already have an auxiliary verb and a main verb. The order then is as follows: question word - auxiliary - subject - main verb.

Test #2 (10-12 minutes) • Check students' use of the target language again and compare with the first test

Following the teaching portion which explains the grammar rules, I will ask for the answers to exercise 1. Assuming all students have completed the exercise, I will ask for feedback from the class. I will ask students by nominating them and then write the answers on the board as to make it student-centered. After this, we will do a controlled practice to check comprehension using the paragraph in exercise 3. I will ask for a few students examples to illustrate the point on the board.

Free practice (13-15 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

As the final stage of this lesson, I will write a few prompt questions on the board and have the students make proper sentences from them to practice what they have learned. For example: * Where / you / live? * Who / your / best / friend ? * Where / he/she / work? * How / long / you / know / him/her ? I will walk around and see how the students are getting along on the task and adjust as necessary.

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