Dilek Olmez Dilek Olmez

Obligation and permission in the past
Intermediate level


In this lesson, T provides clarification and practice model verbs of obligation in the past form: had to, didn`t have to, wasn't/was allowed to and couldn't. Ss will be exposed to the TL within a context of childhood memories of the T. This is followed by a task where the students fill in the gaps.This task is an opportunity for the real use of language. With this task they will be exposed to the meaning, form and pronunciation of the TL. After the awareness of the TL, they will match some pictures with some small paragraphs about the target language to practice the meaning of TL.This is followed by a task where students listen to the TL and answer the questions. This task is an opportunity for the real use of language. Finally, Ss will have to write their own experiences when they were young using the TL then discuss with other students to provide fluency and accuracy of the TL.


Main Aims

  • To provide clarification of different ‘modals in the past' and answer some gap fill questions related to the modals.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide fluency and accuracy in the context of obligation and permission in the past
  • To provide specific information listening practice using a text about obligation and permission in the past


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

-T will have students look at 6 different images of my childhood. -T will tell students that this is all the stuff that she was allowed to do and wasn't allowed to do when she was young. -T will then will give the students a matching activity.(appendix1) - then students will have to match the modals in the present and past

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

-T will Place the words on the board couldn't had to weren't allowed didn't have to were allowed to could CCQs for Grammar: In the summer when I was a child, I didn’t have to do my homework. Was it necessary do my homework? No. Did I need to do my homework? No. In the summer when I was a child, I wasn’t allowed to join my friends when they were going to out . Was I permitted to join my friends? No. Could I join my friends? No. Was it my choice not to join my friends? No. In the summer when I was a child, I had to play with my sister when my mom was busy cooking. Would there be a problem if I didn’t play with my sister? Yes. Did I have a choice about not playing with my sister? No. Was it an obligation? Yes. I couldn`t even eat watch tv. Did I want to watch tv? Yes. Was it possible for me to watch tv? No. Was I free to watch tv? No. Did my mom let me watch tv? No. -T will ask students what do they think these are? Are they in the present or in the past? -T then shows students the stress and has students then drills words with them .

Exposure (8-10 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

-T will then give students images and their paragraph and have students read it and connect the images to the paragraphs (appendix2) -T will then have students check their answers with each other. -T will then have written the answers on the board. -T will then have students discuss 3 questions in groups and have open class feedback.

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

- T will give out handouts and have students read the sentences.(appendix 3) - T will then play the CD player and have students listen and fill in the gaps. -T will then have students work in pairs and check their answers. -T will then give the students the answer key. (appendix 4)

Free Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

-T will give students a handout and have students write at least 8 sentences using the grammar they learnt, telling them to think about when they were young and what where they allowed to do and not allowed to do. (appendix 5) - The students will then stand up and discuss with their classmates this time also writing down one of their friends sentences - Open class feedback

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