Kemal Daş Kemal Daş

'can can't'
elementary level


In this lesson,students will learn about the 'can and can't refering to 'prohibition and possibility'.


Abc Handout

Main Aims

  • To provide product writing practice of a dialog using 'can and can't'

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide clarification and review of 'can and can't' refering to prohibition and possibility in the context of family and and hospital


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Teacher tells students a story about a little girl who is very talented and has a step mother who doesn't properly to her to warm up.The teacher aims to make students familiarized with the sound of 'can and can't refering both ability and permission and possibility.Teacher asks ss to listen carefully and try to take some notes about what the little girl can and can't do.Then teacher asks a few questions to be sure that they understand or not.

Exposure (8-10 minutes) • To provide a model of production expected in coming tasks through reading/listening

Teacher asks students to work in pairs and get them to ask some questions with 'can' for instance; Can you drive a car? Can you ride a horse?etc...Then the students will be asked what can xxx do?They are supposed to give the correct answers they hear from their friends.After that,teacher asks them to ask a few questions to himself(to the teacher)

Useful Language (8-10 minutes) • To highlight and clarify useful language for coming productive tasks

Teacher gives an handout about the use of place of 'can and can't' -----first sentence refers to abilitiy I can speak English but,ı can't speak spanish -----second sentence refers to possibility; you can go clubbing in Bodrum. ----third sentence refers to prohibition; you can't smoke here. ----forth sentence refers to permissİon; you can go out tonight. Then teacher asks them to write sentences as in the example given by me for each column. After ss finish the exercises,teacher asks them to compare their answers with the other students' answers.Teacher asks them to read one of their sentences.

Productive Task(s) (18-20 minutes) • To provide an opportunity to practice target productive skills

Teacher asks students to write a diolog between a mother and a kid using 'can and can't' refering mostly permission.After ss finish writing,teacher asks them to exchange their writing and brush up quickly.While they are checking the dialogs,the teacher checks them, as well to find the mistakes if there are any mistakes.Then teacher asks them to write about the possibilities they have when they go to Bodrum.For ex; 'You can go to the beach and swim in Bodrum'. After they finishing writing,teacher asks them to change their papers read and choose the best alternative for you when you go to Bodrum and say in the classroom. Teacher aims to make them familiarized with the different usages of 'can and can't'

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