Grammar lesson: past perfect and past simple
To provide practice of past perfect and past simple in the context of Adventurers
To develop writing skills using the past perfect
Procedure (38-47 minutes)
-Show the jumbled sentence on the board. the series/because/I'd seen/to make/I decided/an article in the newspaper -Use gesture that they need to rearrange the sentence. -Give instructions: --In pairs, try to guess the correct answer. 2 minutes. -Give the cut-outs randomly to the SS one by one. -Give the SS some time to arrange the sentence. -FB: check the sentence. Make sure the sentence is correct (I decided to make the series because I'd seen an article in the newspaper) -Repeat the process again with different sentence: -Show the jumbled sentence on the board. the next day/By the time/the weather/she got up/had change --Give instructions: --In pairs, try to guess the correct answer. 2 minutes. (while SS are thinking, write the first sentence on the right side of the board -Give the cut-outs randomly to the SS one by one. -Give the SS some time to arrange the sentence. -FB: check the sentence. Make sure the sentence is correct (By the time she got up, the weather had changed) -Write the second sentence on the middle of the board.
-Write the sentence “By the time I got up, the weather had changed” on the middle of the board. -Highlight tenses. Use different colour on “got up” and “had changed”. -CCQs: How many actions are there in the sentence? Are these actions happened in the past or present? -draw timeline. -CCQs: Which action goes first? For first action in the past, what do we use? (highlight “had+past participle”) For second action in the past, we use......(highlight “past simple”) What is the name of the tense? (point “had+past participle”) Point to past simple and elicit “past simple” from SS. -(time expression: when, already, just) Give instructions: -Show cut-outs of "when", "already" and "just". -These words, where can you put them? -Give the each word to a random student. -Let the SS do the activity. -FB: Give the correct answer on the board. -Stick the coloured paper which has the "when I turned on the TV..." sentences on the middle of the board. -Stick the timelines far from the sentences (to indicate the SS need to match them) -Give instructions: -say "Two sentences. Two timelines. Match them" -Give one timeline to a random student. -Give another timeline to another random student. -FB: give the correct answer. -Take the coloured paper and stick it on the right side of the board. -Draw SS’ attention to you. -Model drilling: -say naturally “the weather had changed”. Joined “weather” and “had”. -drill with SS 3 times. -say “by the time I got up, the weather had changed”. -drill with SS 3 times. - point a SS to repeat the whole sentence naturally. Do 2 times.
-Divide the SS into pairs. -Give instructions: Work in pairs. Do exercise 9. You've got 7 minutes. -Give HO. -Monitor. -FB: give answer key. -Make some groups of 4s. -Give instructions: Work in groups. Put the events in the story into the correct timeline. -Model: "for example: ....Ann Daniels, Caroline Hamilton and Pom Oliver flew from England to Canada. Where is that event in the timeline. Here (point). Put other events on the timeline. -Give HO. -FB: give answer key. -If there's still time, do WCFB: What had they done before they went to the north pole? Would you like going to the north pole?