Melody Norris Melody Norris

Friends and strangers - grammar (speaking)
Intermediate level


In this lesson, students practice using modals may, might, can't and must. The lesson starts with students reading sentences and completing the rules of use of different modals. Students then complete sentences individually with correct modal verbs then answer questions. The production activity is speaking in pairs, the students will listen to the summary of a film and speculate how it ends.


Main Aims

  • To provide review of modal verbs must, might/ may/ could and can't in the context of a crime novel.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide fluency speaking practice in a discussion about the likelihood of events happening in the context of a crime novel.


Warmer/Lead-in (2-3 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Teacher asks random students what kind of books do they like reading. Did they enjoy "Strangers on a Train" and tells them this lesson revisits the book.

Presentation (5-10 minutes) • To introduce the target language.

Teacher shows the students a bag and writes these sentences on the whiteboard: This is my bag. It must have my house keys in it. I might have a pen in it. There can’t be a smartphone in it. Teacher writes highlights the modals on the board and asks: "what do we call these words?" Student: "modals" Teacher: When do we use modals?" Student: "When we believe something is certain or possible'. Teacher refers to her bag and asks these CCQs: Could my keys be on my desk? (No) Is a pen definitely in here? (No) Might there be a smartphone in here? (No) Are my keys definitely in here? (Yes)

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

In pairs students match the sentences and practice speaking. Teacher demonstrates with a volunteer: S: I know you, I've seen you before. T: You must be that tennis player. Then the partners switch. T: Listen to this. S: You might be interested. Teacher hands out the answer key when finished.

Production -SPEAKING activity - In 30 years HO (15-20 minutes) • To provide students with freer practice of the target language

T and divide students into groups of 4. T distributes HO 'In 30 years" and tells ss to write questions using the prompts and 2 of their own. T regroups the ss to arouse more discussion. When the original group is reformed, a final group discussion takes place about the results. Feedback - T writes definitely, possibly and probably not on the WB and asks ss to add up the responses. ICQs ICQs Are you going to write your answers or discuss them together? (discuss) Is it OK to say one word e.g. possibly, definitely? (No) Do you have to give reason for your opinion? (Yes)

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