Soudabeh Tabatabaei Soudabeh Tabatabaei

TP 8. Present perfect


In this lesson the students will learn about the Present Perfect tense through the context of life experiences. The main aim of the lesson will be grammar where students will learn present perfect through guided discovery based on their life experiences. They will do controlled- Semi-controlled and freer activities about tenses.


Abc Pictures
Abc video
Abc handout

Main Aims

  • To practice the present perfect and past simple in the context of past experience

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide fluency and accuracy speaking in the context of experiences


Lead-in (2-3 minutes) • to set the context

To connect the lesson to the previous lesson, a short video is played. I will ask them : Who is he? Do you remember his name? Then I will tell them you read a passage about this character on the last session.

Presentation (10-15 minutes) • To focus students' attention on the target language

Give the handout to students and ask them to answer the first part. They are given the following sentences t along with the timelines. A. He worked n this film in 2012. B. He has worked on many films. Put Ss into pairs to discuss the following questions: Meaning: 1. In sentence ………., we talk about the past experience. 2. In sentence ……….., we know the exact time. 3. In sentence ……….., we don’t know the exact time. 4. In sentence………, we connect past to present. feedback: Then ask a student to come to the board and write her or his answers. Ask the SS whether the answers are right or wrong. form: Ask SS to unfold their paper and fill the table in pairs. Feedback: Ask one of the students to complete the table on the board. Then I give them a handout that shows the verb table. Pronunciation: Write the sentence on the board: I have been to Dubai. ( I've ) She has been to London. (She's) Focus on the contracted form. Back chain drilling Substitution drills Ask students to repeat chorally. Then nominate the student to repeat it.

controlled practice (4-5 minutes) • To help learners to identify past simple and present perfect

A paragraph is given to students and ask them to choose the correct tense in each sentence. They do this activity alone. Then, they check their answers with their partners. Feedback: WCFB

Semi-controlled practice (6-7 minutes) • To practice making questions in the past perfect tense

Ask them to write a question for each sentence. Then, they ask and answer these questions in pairs. Write a model on the board. Ask them to use the simple past when they want to give the full answer as they know the time. Monitor students while doing the task and write down their errors for delayed corrective feedback.

Freer activity (5-6 minutes) • To practice more present perfect sentences

Teacher ask SS to write four questions starting with ' have you ever ......?' Then they mingle and ask questions which are written on their paper.

Ball game (5-6 minutes) • To practice more present perfect sentences

Show students how to play the game with one of the students in the classroom. First teacher tells a sentence for example (I've been to Dubai twice.) Then teacher will say London and throw the ball to another student, s/he has to say ' I've been to London twice as soon as S/he catches the ball. T will tell SS that they can change the subject, noun, or verb. SS who cannot give the right answer will lose the game.

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